շուք

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian շուք ‎(šukʿ); see below.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

շուք ‎(šukʿ)

  1. shadow, shade
  2. brilliance, lustre, splendor, magnificence
    շուք տալ‎ ― šukʿ tal ― to give something brilliance, lustre, splendor, magnificence

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ačaṙyan leaves the origin open. For the sense development “splendour, brilliance” from “shadow” he compares Old English scima ‎(twilight, gloom; ray, brightness).

According to Jahukyan we are dealing with a contamination of two sources: the sense of “shadow; veil, headcover” comes from Proto-Indo-European *skʰew-, a by-form of *skew- ‎(to cover); the sense of “splendour, brilliance” is from Iranian, compare Persian شکوه ‎(šukōh, majesty, magnificence, dignity, grandeur).

Noun[edit]

շուք ‎(šukʿ)

  1. shadow, shade
  2. veil, headcover
  3. (figuratively) protection
  4. honour, respect, consideration; splendour, brilliance, lustre, glory, magnificence; pomp, parade
    շուք եւ ձեւք‎ ― šukʿ ew jewkʿ ― ceremonial, etiquette
    շուք դնել‎ ― šukʿ dnel ― to honour, to pay honour, to respect, to consider, to compliment, to pay court to, to court
    զամենայն շուք եւ զպատիւ ունել‎ ― zamenayn šukʿ ew zpatiw unel ― to give all the respect and honour due
    ի շքի եւ ի պատուի ունել‎ ― i škʿi ew i patui unel ― to hold in respect
    զանձն ծանր եւ ի շքի ունել‎ ― zanjn canr ew i škʿi unel ― to be rave or serious
    շուք առնուլ‎ ― šukʿ aṙnul ― to be honoured or glorified
    շքով‎ ― škʿov ― with honour, gloriously, magnificently, pompously

Declension[edit]

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References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “շուք”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “շուք”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “շուք”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1995), “Hay-iranakan lezvakan zugadipumner [Armenian–Iranian Lingual Parallels]”, in Patma-banasirakan handes [Historical-Philological Journal][1] (in Armenian), issue 2, pages 183–186