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- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈdɑɹkən/
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈdɑːkən/
Audio (Southern England) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɑː(ɹ)kən
- (transitive) To make dark or darker by reducing light.
- 1667, John Milton, “(please specify the book number)”, in Paradise Lost. A Poem Written in Ten Books, London: […] [Samuel Simmons], […], OCLC 228722708; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: […], London: Basil Montagu Pickering […], 1873, OCLC 230729554:
- So spake the Sovran voice, and Clouds began
To darken all the Hill […]
- (intransitive) To become dark or darker (having less light).
- (impersonal) To get dark (referring to the sky, either in the evening or as a result of cloud).
- 1901, William Stearns Davis, “Chapter 4”, in A Friend of Cæsar, New York: Macmillan, page 57:
- Then they passed out from the Forum, forced their way through the crowded streets, and soon were through the Porta Ratumena, outside the walls, and struck out across the Campus Martius, upon the Via Flaminia. It was rapidly darkening.
- 2005, David Almond, Clay, London: Hodder Literature, Chapter Ten, p. 44,
- He looked up. It was darkening here as well. Sky getting red, the edge of the quarry dark and jagged against it.
- (transitive) To make dark or darker in colour.
- (intransitive) To become dark or darker in colour.
- (transitive) To render gloomy, darker in mood.
- c. 1610–1611, William Shakespeare, “The VVinters Tale”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, scene iv]:
- With these forced thoughts, I prithee, darken not
The mirth o’ the feast.
- 1969, Chaim Potok, The Promise, New York: Fawcett Crest, 1872, Chapter Four, p. 89,
- It was a pleasure seeing you again. I’m only sorry I had to darken the pleasure with my private problems.
- (intransitive) To become gloomy, darker in mood.
- (transitive) To blind, impair the eyesight.
- (intransitive) To be blinded, lose one’s eyesight.
- (transitive) To cloud, obscure, or perplex; to render less clear or intelligible.
- 1622, Francis, Lord Verulam, Viscount St. Alban [i.e. Francis Bacon], The Historie of the Raigne of King Henry the Seventh, […], London: […] W[illiam] Stansby for Matthew Lownes, and William Barret, OCLC 1086746628:
- […] such was his wisdome, as his Confidence did seldome darken his Fore-sight […]
- May 14 1751, Samuel Johnson, The Rambler, volume 4, number 121, London: J. Payne & J. Bouquet, page 193:
- His [Edmund Spenser’s] stile was in his own time allowed to be vicious, so darkened with old words and peculiarities of phrase, and so remote from common use, that Johnson boldly pronounces him to have written no language.
- (transitive) To make foul; to sully; to tarnish.
- c. 1606–1607, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Anthonie and Cleopatra”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act I, scene iv]:
- I must not think there are
Evils enow to darken all his goodness:
Conjugation of darken
to make dark by reducing light
to become darker (less bright)
to make dark(er) in colour
to become dark(er) in colour
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
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