Jump to navigation Jump to search
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈdɑɹkən/
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈdɑːkən/
Audio (Southern England) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɑː(ɹ)kən
- (transitive) To make dark or darker by reducing light.
- (intransitive) To become dark or darker (having less light).
- (impersonal) To get dark (referring to the sky, either in the evening or as a result of cloud).
- 1901, William Stearns Davis, “Chapter 4”, in A Friend of Cæsar, New York: Macmillan, page 57:
- Then they passed out from the Forum, forced their way through the crowded streets, and soon were through the Porta Ratumena, outside the walls, and struck out across the Campus Martius, upon the Via Flaminia. It was rapidly darkening.
- (transitive) To make dark or darker in colour.
- (intransitive) To become dark or darker in colour.
- (transitive) To render gloomy, darker in mood.
- c. 1610–1611 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Winters Tale”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act IV, scene iv]:
- With these forced thoughts, I prithee, darken not
The mirth o’ the feast.
- (intransitive) To become gloomy, darker in mood.
- (transitive) To blind, impair the eyesight.
- (intransitive) To be blinded, lose one’s eyesight.
- (transitive) To cloud, obscure, or perplex; to render less clear or intelligible.
- 1622, Francis, Lord Verulam, Viscount St. Alban [i.e. Francis Bacon], The Historie of the Raigne of King Henry the Seventh, […], London: […] W[illiam] Stansby for Matthew Lownes, and William Barret, →OCLC:
- […] such was his wisdome, as his Confidence did seldome darken his Fore-sight […]
- May 14 1751, Samuel Johnson, The Rambler, volume 4, number 121, London: J. Payne & J. Bouquet, page 193:
- His [Edmund Spenser’s] stile was in his own time allowed to be vicious, so darkened with old words and peculiarities of phrase, and so remote from common use, that Johnson boldly pronounces him to have written no language.
- (transitive) To make foul; to sully; to tarnish.
- c. 1606–1607, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Anthonie and Cleopatra”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act I, scene iv]:
- I must not think there are
Evils enow to darken all his goodness:
Conjugation of darken
|present tense||past tense|
|2nd-person singular||darken, darkenest†||darkened, darkenedst†|
|3rd-person singular||darkens, darkeneth†||darkened|
to make dark by reducing light
to become darker (less bright)
to make dark(er) in colour
to become dark(er) in colour
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
Translations to be checked