ظل

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See also: طل

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Semitic. Cognate with Akkadian 𒄑𒈪 (ṣillu, GISSU, shadow), Aramaic טולא (ṭullā), Ugaritic 𐎑𐎍𐎍 (ẓll), Hebrew צל (tzel, ṣēl)

Noun[edit]

ظِلّ (ẓillm (plural ظِلَال (ẓilāl) or ظُلُول (ẓulūl) or أَظْلَال (ʾaẓlāl))

  1. shadow, shade
  2. shady garden
  3. paradise
  4. protection, help, assistance
  5. dark cloud
  6. darkness
  7. night
  8. phantom, specter
  9. cover, lid, scabbard
  10. shape, figure, person
  11. the Sultan (as shadow of God on Earth)
  12. greatness, sublimity, distinction, eminence, rareness
  13. power, night
  14. colors of the day, shades of color, bloom of youth
  15. heat of summer
  16. fringe, hairy side of a cloth
  17. (geometry) tangent
  18. hue
  19. trace
Declension[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

ظَلَّ (ẓalla) I, non-past يَظَلُّ‎ (yaẓallu)

  1. (copulative) to remain, to persist, to maintain
    ظَلَّ صَامِتًا
    ẓalla ṣāmitan
    he remained silent
    ظَلَّ عَلَى مَوْقِفِهِ
    ẓalla ʿalā mawqifihi
    he maintained his point of view [= stayed in the place he was standing]
  2. to keep doing, to do constantly, to persist in, to remain [+participle or imperfect = doing]
    يَظَلُّ يَتْبَعُهَا
    yaẓallu yatbaʿuhā
    he keeps following her
    ظَلُّ جَالِسِينَ
    ẓallu jālisīna
    they remained sitting
Conjugation[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

ظَلّ (ẓallm

  1. verbal noun of ظَلَّ (ẓalla) (form I)
Declension[edit]