ظل

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See also: طل

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *ṯ̣ill-. Cognate with Akkadian 𒄑𒈪 (ṣillu, GISSU, shadow), Aramaic טוּלָּא/טִלָּא(ṭullā/ṭillā), טִלָּלָא(ṭillālā), Classical Syriac ܛܸܠܵܠܵܐ(ṭellālā), Ugaritic 𐎑𐎍 (ẓl), Hebrew צל(tzel, ṣēl), Ge'ez ጽላሎት (ṣəlalot).

Noun[edit]

ظِلّ (ẓillm (plural ظِلَال(ẓilāl) or ظُلُول(ẓulūl) or أَظْلَال(ʾaẓlāl))

  1. shadow, shade
  2. shady garden
  3. paradise
  4. protection, help, assistance
  5. dark cloud
  6. darkness
  7. night
  8. phantom, specter
  9. cover, lid, scabbard
  10. shape, figure, person
  11. the Sultan (as shadow of God on Earth)
  12. greatness, sublimity, distinction, eminence, rareness
  13. power, night
  14. colors of the day, shades of color, bloom of youth
  15. heat of summer
  16. fringe, hairy side of a cloth
  17. hue
  18. trace
  19. (mathematics, trigonometry) tangent (symbol: ظا‎, ظل‎)

See also[edit]

Declension[edit]
References[edit]
  • Steingass, Francis Joseph (1884) , “ظل”, in The Student's Arabic–English Dictionary[1], London: W.H. Allen
  • Wehr, Hans (1979) , “ظل”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

ظَلَّ (ẓalla) I, non-past يَظَلُّ‎‎ (yaẓallu)

  1. (copulative) to remain, to persist, to maintain
    ظَلَّ صَامِتًا
    ẓalla ṣāmitan
    He remained silent.
    ظَلَّ عَلَى مَوْقِفِهِ
    ẓalla ʿalā mawqifihi
    He maintained his point of view. [= stayed in the place he was standing]
  2. to keep doing, to do constantly, to persist in, to remain [+participle or imperfect = doing]
    يَظَلُّ يَتْبَعُهَا
    yaẓallu yatbaʿuhā
    He keeps following her.
    ظَلُّوا جَالِسِينَ
    ẓallū jālisīna
    They remained sitting.
Conjugation[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

ظَلّ (ẓallm

  1. verbal noun of ظَلَّ (ẓalla) (form I)
Declension[edit]

Gulf Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic ظِلّ(ẓill).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ظل (ḏ̣iḷm (plural ظلال(ḏ̣ḷāḷ))

  1. shadow
  2. shade

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic ظَلَّ(ẓalla).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ظل (ḏ̣aḷ) (non-past يظل(yḏ̣iḷ))

  1. to stay, to remain
    Synonym: بقى(buga)
    Antonym: راح(rāḥ)