aegis

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See also: ægis

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A tondo with a Roman mosaic from the 3rd century C.E. depicting Athena and her aegis (sense 1), in the pavement of the Sala a Croce Greca in the Vatican Museums, Vatican City

Borrowed from Latin aegis, from Ancient Greek αἰγίς (aigís, goatskin; shield of Athena), probably from αἴξ (aíx, goat), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eyǵ- (goat).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

aegis (plural aegises or aegides)

  1. (Greek mythology, Roman mythology) A mythological shield associated with the Greek deities Zeus and Athena (and their Roman counterparts Jupiter and Minerva) shown as a short cloak made of goatskin worn on the shoulders, more as an emblem of power and protection than a military shield. The aegis of Athena or Minerva is usually shown with a border of snakes and with the head of Medusa in the center. [from early 17th c.]
  2. (figuratively) Usually as under the aegis: guidance, protection; endorsement, sponsorship.

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Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Ancient Greek αἰγῐ́ς (aigís).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

aegis f (genitive aegidos or aegidis); third declension

  1. the aegis
    1. of Zeus or Jupiter
      • (Can we find and add a quotation of Virgil to this entry?)
      • (Can we find and add a quotation of Silius Italicus to this entry?)
    2. of Athena or Minerva
  2. (transferred senses):
    1. a shield, a defence
      1. (in the writings of Ovid) the jewelry by which maidens try to conceal their ugliness
    2. the heartwood of the larch
      • (Can we find and add a quotation of Pliny the Elder to this entry?)

Declension[edit]

Third declension, Greek type.
Case Singular Plural
nominative aegis aegides
genitive aegidos aegidum
dative aegidi aegidibus
accusative aegida aegidas
ablative aegide aegidibus
vocative aegi aegides
Third declension.
Case Singular Plural
nominative aegis aegidēs
genitive aegidis aegidum
dative aegidī aegidibus
accusative aegidem aegidēs
ablative aegide aegidibus
vocative aegis aegidēs

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References[edit]

  • aegis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • aegis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ægis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette, page 72/1
  • aegis in The Perseus Project (1999) Perseus Encyclopedia[1]
  • aegis in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • aegis in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  • aegis” on page 63/1 of the Oxford Latin Dictionary (1st ed., 1968–82)