scáth

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See also: scath

Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish scáth, from Proto-Celtic *skātom, from Proto-Indo-European *skot-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

scáth m (genitive singular scátha, nominative plural scáthanna)

  1. shadow, shade
  2. umbrella (something that covers a wide range of concepts, ideas, etc.), mantle (anything that covers or conceals something else)
  3. horror, dread
  4. shyness, timidity

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
scáth not applicable not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • scáth” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • “scáth” at the Historical Irish Corpus, 1600–1926 of the Royal Irish Academy.
  • “scáṫ” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 1st ed., 1904, by Patrick S. Dinneen, page 603.
  • "scáth" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *skātom, from Proto-Indo-European *skot-. Cognate with English shadow.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

scáth n

  1. shadow, shade
  2. reflection
  3. phantom, spectre
  4. protection

Declension[edit]

Neuter o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative scáthN scáthN scáthL, scátha
Vocative scáthN scáthN scáthL, scátha
Accusative scáthN scáthN scáthL, scátha
Genitive scáithL scáth scáthN
Dative scáthL scáthaib scáthaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • scáth” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.