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See also:
U+585A, 塚
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-585A

[U+5859]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+585B]

Translingual[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • There are two Unicode z-variants, at code points U+585A and U+FA10

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 土月一人 (GBMO), four-corner 47132, composition)

  1. cemetery
  2. tomb, burial mound

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
toŋʔ
toŋʔ
涿 rtoːɡ
rtoːɡ
rtoːɡ, *toːɡ
rtoːɡ
toːɡ
toɡ
tʰoɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *toŋʔ): semantic  (earth) + phonetic  (OC *toŋʔ) – an earthen mound, a tomb of earth.

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. mound, hillock, tumulus (implies a manmade origin)

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
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Kanji in this term
つか
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Cognate with Old Japanese verb 築く (tsuku, to build up using earth and/or stone).[1]

The /a/ ending may indicate that tsuka developed as the nominalization of the 未然形 (mizenkei, irrealis form) of the verb, suggesting an original meaning of "that which is being built up into an earthworks (but isn't finished yet)". The irrealis is also the root form for constructing the passive form of all Japanese verbs, so the original meaning might instead have been just the passive sense of "that which is built up into an earthworks".

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana つか, rōmaji tsuka)

  1. a mound or hillock, generally manmade
  2. a grave, a tumulus or burial mound

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(chong) (hangeul , revised chong, McCune-Reischauer ch'ong)

  1. cemetery
  2. tomb, burial mound

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(trủng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.