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See also:
U+9063, 遣
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9063

[U+9062]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9064]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 162, +10, 14 strokes in traditional Chinese and Korean, 13 strokes in mainland China and Japanese, cangjie input 卜中一口 (YLMR), four-corner 35307, composition𠀐)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1263, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39052
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1758, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3871, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+9063

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (29) (29)
Final () (77) (77)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰiᴇnX/ /kʰiᴇnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰiɛnX/ /kʰiɛnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰjænX/ /kʰjænH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰianX/ /kʰianH/
Li
Rong
/kʰiɛnX/ /kʰiɛnH/
Wang
Li
/kʰĭɛnX/ /kʰĭɛnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰi̯ɛnX/ /kʰi̯ɛnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qiǎn qiàn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qiǎn qiàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ khjienX › ‹ khjienH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ʰe[n]ʔ/ /*[k]ʰe[n]ʔ-s/ (*kʰ- doesn"t palatalize)
English send grave goods

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 10264 10267
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰenʔ/ /*kʰens/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to send; to dispatch
  2. to exile

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gyeon) (hangeul , revised gyeon, McCune–Reischauer kyŏn, Yale kyen)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Middle Korean[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(-kwo)

  1. Idu script spelling of (-kwo, and)
    • 1395, 高士褧 (Go Sa-gyeong), 大明律直解 (Daemyeongnyul Jikhae) [Correct Translation of the Great Ming Code]:
      本國乙背叛爲
      PWON.KWUK-ul POY.PAN-ho-kwo
      Betray his native country, and

Old Korean[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Generally reconstructed as *-kwo, because the Old Korean suffix corresponds exactly to the Middle (and Modern) Korean verbal suffix (go) and because fifteenth-century Idu texts use 遣 to transcribe what by this point is clearly Middle Korean (Yale: kwo). However, it is difficult to explain what sound shifts could have produced Middle Korean [ko] out of an Old Korean morpheme whose phonetic value was presumably similar to the character 遣 (Old Chinese *[k]ʰe[n]ʔ, Middle Chinese *kʰiᴇn).

Suffix[edit]

(*-kwo)

  1. verbal connective suffix, largely equivalent to English "and; and then"
    • c. 750, 月明師 (Wolmyeongsa), “祭亡妹歌 (Jemangmae-ga)”, in 三國遺事 (Samguk Yusa) [Memorabilia of the Three Kingdoms]:
      生死路隱此矣有阿米次肹伊吾隱去內如辭叱都毛如云去內尼叱古
      As life and death's paths are present here, my way is blocked [or "I am in fear" or "I hesitate"]. And you have not finished saying the words "I depart", and you are [still] departing?

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle Korean: (kwo, verbal connective suffix)
    • Korean: (kwo, verbal connective suffix)

References[edit]

  • 김지오 (Kim Ji-o) (2019) , “Godae Gugeo yeongyeol eomi-ui hyeonhwang-gwa gwaje [The conditions and research tasks for Old Korean connective suffixes]”, in Gugyeol Yeon'gu, volume 43, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.17001/kugyol.2019..43.002, pages 55–87

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khiển, khiến)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.