colmo

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See also: colmó and colmò

Galician[edit]

a Galician palloza house, with thatched roof (teito de colmo)

Etymology[edit]

13th century. Probably from Latin culmus (thatch), although the open stressed vowel found in some regions and the derived term colmea (beehive) suggest the influence of a pre-Roman substrate of Iberia *kŏlmos; ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ḱolh₂mos.[1] Cognate with Asturian cuelmu.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkɔlmo̝/, /ˈkolmo̝/

Noun[edit]

colmo m (plural colmos)

  1. thatch (usually the stalks of rye and wheat)
    • 1408, José Luis Novo Cazón (ed.), El priorato santiaguista de Vilar de Donas en la Edad Media (1194-1500). A Coruña: Fundación Barrié, page 318:
      que façades a dicta metade da dicta casa de pedra e de madeyra e de giestas e de colmo
      you should build that half house with stone and wood and brooms and thatch
  2. a sheaf (of straw)
  3. a thatched roof

Derived terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

colmo m (feminine singular colma, masculine plural colmos, feminine plural colmas)

  1. spiky (when referred to the hair)
    Synonyms: colmaceiro, colmeiro

References[edit]

  • colmo” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • colmo” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  1. ^ Coromines, Joan; Pascual, José A. (1991–1997). Diccionario crítico etimológico castellano e hispánico. Madrid: Gredos, s.v. cuelmo.

Italian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From colmare.

Adjective[edit]

colmo (feminine singular colma, masculine plural colmi, feminine plural colme) (di)

  1. full (of)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin culmen, from Proto-Italic *kolamen, from Proto-Indo-European *kelH-. Possibly influenced by cumulus or culmus phonetically. Compare Spanish colmo. Doublet of the borrowed culmine.

Noun[edit]

colmo m (plural colmi)

  1. summit, top, acme
  2. height
  3. limit
  4. ridge

Verb[edit]

colmo

  1. first-person singular present indicative of colmare

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin culmus, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱolh₂mos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

colmo m (plural colmos)

  1. (uncountable) cane (slender flexible stem of plants such as bamboo)
  2. (countable, botany) reed (hollow stem)
  3. thatch (straw for covering roofs or stacks)

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

colmo

  1. first-person singular (eu) present indicative of colmar
    Eu colmo o telhado.
    I thatch the roof.

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin cumulus, following metathesis and syncopation, according to the Real Academia Española [1] and other sources [2].

Adjective[edit]

colmo (plural colmos)

  1. summit, top
  2. height

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

colmo m (plural colmos)

  1. the extreme of a situation
    Esto es el colmo. ¡Me largo! - This is too much. I'm gone!
    Ya has llegado al colmo con tu actitud. - You've already crossed the line with your attitude.
    para colmo (de males) - to cap/top it all
    Y para colmo de males, no nos han pagado en dos meses tampoco. - And to make it worse, they haven't paid us for two months either.

Verb[edit]

colmo

  1. First-person singular (yo) present indicative form of colmar.

References[edit]