culmen

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin culmen (apex, acmé).

Noun[edit]

culmen (plural culmens or culmina)

  1. top; summit; acme
    (Can we find and add a quotation of R. North to this entry?)
  2. (zoology) The dorsal ridge of a bird's bill.
    • 1997 June 20, “A Role for Ecotones in Generating Rainforest Biodiversity”, in Science[1], volume 276, number 5320, DOI:10.1126/science.276.5320.1855, pages 1855-1857:
      The measurements were taken as follows: wing length, from the carpal joint to the tip of the longest primary; tarsus length, from the tibiotarsal joint to the distal undivided scute; upper mandible length, the chord length from the point where the culmen enters the feathers of the head to the tip; bill depth, in the vertical plane level at the anterior edge of the nares.
    • 1910, Alfred M. Tozzer and Glover M. Allen, Animal Figures in the Maya Codices[2]:
      A very simple form was found in the carving shown in Pl. 17, fig. 13, where a long projecting knob is seen at the base of the culmen.

References[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *kolamen, from Proto-Indo-European *kelH-. Doublet of columen.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

culmen n (genitive culminis); third declension

  1. stalk
  2. top, roof, summit
  3. (figuratively) height, acme

Inflection[edit]

Third declension neuter.

Case Singular Plural
nominative culmen culmina
genitive culminis culminum
dative culminī culminibus
accusative culmen culmina
ablative culmine culminibus
vocative culmen culmina

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • culmen in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • culmen in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • culmen in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • culmen in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[3], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the summits of the Alps: culmina Alpium
  • Collins Latin Dictionary, →ISBN

Spanish[edit]

Noun[edit]

culmen m (plural cúlmenes)

  1. height, epitome, high point