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fastigium (plural fastigia)

  1. An apex or summit; culmination.
  2. (architecture) A pediment or gable end.
  3. (pathology) The most intense phase of a disease, especially a fever.



From Proto-Italic *farstiagiom, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰérstis. Compare Middle Irish brostaim (I goad, spur), English bristle, Polish barszcz (hogweed).


fastīgium n (genitive fastīgiī); second declension

  1. peak, summit, top
  2. slope, declivity, descent
  3. gable
  4. sharp point


Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative fastīgium fastīgia
genitive fastīgiī fastīgiōrum
dative fastīgiō fastīgiīs
accusative fastīgium fastīgia
ablative fastīgiō fastīgiīs
vocative fastīgium fastīgia



  • fastigium in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • fastigium in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “fastigium”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • fastigium” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • fastigium in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • fastigium in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin