beag

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See also: beag-

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English bēag (a ring, bracelet, collar, garland, crown, necklace, a shackle for the neck, a circle, coil), from Proto-Germanic *baugaz (ring, bow), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰewgʰ- (to bend). Cognate with dialectal German Baug (ring, collar), Icelandic baugur (ring, circle). Related to bagel.

Noun[edit]

beag (plural beags)

  1. (historical) A ring.
    • 1878, Royal Numismatic Society (Great Britain), The Numismatic chronicle and journal of the Numismatic Society:
      It was a mark of nobility among the German races — by some considered the origin of our coronets — and had even about it a quasi-religious character in memory of the "holy beag" (holy ring), the oath upon which was tantamount to the oath upon Thorr's hammer.
    • 1970, William A. Chaney, The cult of kingship in Anglo-Saxon England:
      [...] and the description of that monarch in his anonymous Vita as coronatus lauro probably indicates a beag which was lighter than the formal diadema.

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish bec (small, little) (compare Manx beg, Scottish Gaelic beag), from Proto-Celtic *bikkos (small) (compare Breton bic’han and Welsh bach, bychan).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

beag (genitive singular masculine big, genitive singular feminine bige, plural beaga, comparative )

  1. small, little
    1. (size, amount, extent, degree)
    2. junior, lesser, minor
    3. (hypocoristic)
    4. (deprecatory)
    5. (of late, recent, time)
  2. few (often with a singular noun in Irish)
    Is beag áit is deise.There are few places that are nicer.
    le blianta beaga anuasfor the past few years

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

beag m (genitive singular big, nominative plural beaganna)

  1. little; small amount
  2. (with copula) few

Declension[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
beag bheag mbeag
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • "beag" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • bec” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *baugaz (ring), from the stem of *beuganą (to bend) (from which būgan). Cognate with Old Norse baugr and Old High German bouc.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bēag m

  1. a ring or bracelet

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish bec (small, little) (compare Manx beg, Irish beag), from Proto-Celtic *bikkos (small) (compare Breton bic’han and Welsh bach, bychan).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

beag (comparative bige)

  1. small, little, short, diminutive
    duine beaga small man
    ùine bheaga short time
  2. disagreeable
    Is beag orm thu.I hate you. (literally You are disagreeable to me.)
  3. light, trifling, insignificant
    Is beag seo.This is a trifling thing.
  4. young
    na sionnaich bheagathe young foxes
  5. sordid, miserly, niggardly
    Is beag sin de Ghàidhlig.That is a poor sort of Gaelic.
    Tha e fìor bheag 'n a nàdar.He has a very niggardly disposition.

Declension[edit]

Case Masculine singular Feminine singular Plural
Nominative beag bheag beaga
Vocative bhig bheag beaga
Genitive bhig bige beaga
Dative beag bhig beaga

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Faclair Gàidhlig Dwelly Air Loidhne, Dwelly, Edward (1911), Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary (10th ed.), Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, ISBN 0 901771 92 9
  • A Pronouncing and Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language (John Grant, Edinburgh, 1925, Compiled by Malcolm MacLennan)
  • bec” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.