beag

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*bʰewgʰ-

From Old English bēag ‎(a ring, bracelet, collar, garland, crown, necklace, a shackle for the neck, a circle, coil), from Proto-Germanic *baugaz ‎(ring, bow), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰewgʰ- ‎(to bend). Cognate with German dialectal Baug ‎(ring, collar), Icelandic baugur ‎(ring, circle). Related to bagel.

Noun[edit]

beag ‎(plural beags)

  1. (historical) A ring.
    • 1878, Royal Numismatic Society (Great Britain), The Numismatic chronicle and journal of the Numismatic Society:
      It was a mark of nobility among the German races — by some considered the origin of our coronets — and had even about it a quasi-religious character in memory of the "holy beag" (holy ring), the oath upon which was tantamount to the oath upon Thorr's hammer.
    • 1970, William A. Chaney, The cult of kingship in Anglo-Saxon England:
      [...] and the description of that monarch in his anonymous Vita as coronatus lauro probably indicates a beag which was lighter than the formal diadema.

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish bec ‎(small, little) (compare Manx beg, Scottish Gaelic beag), from Proto-Celtic *bikko- ‎(small) (compare Breton bic'han and Welsh bach, bychan).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

beag ‎(genitive singular masculine big, genitive singular feminine bige, plural beaga, comparative )

  1. small, little
    1. (size, amount, extent, degree)
    2. junior, lesser, minor
    3. (hypocoristic)
    4. (deprecatory)
    5. (of late, recent, time)
  2. few (often with a singular noun in Irish)
    Is beag áit is deise.‎ ― There are few places that are nicer.
    le blianta beaga anuas‎ ― for the past few years

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

beag m ‎(genitive singular big, nominative plural beaganna)

  1. little; small amount
  2. (with copula) few
  3. (as adverb)

Declension[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
beag bheag mbeag
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • "beag" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • bec” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*bʰewgʰ-

From Proto-Germanic *baugaz ‎(ring), from the stem of *beuganą ‎(to bend) (from which būgan). Cognate with Old Norse baugr and Old High German bouc.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bēag m

  1. a ring or bracelet

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish bec ‎(small, little) (compare Manx beg, Irish beag), from Proto-Celtic *bikko- ‎(small) (compare Breton bic'han and Welsh bach, bychan).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

beag ‎(comparative bige or lugha)

  1. small, little, short, diminutive
    duine beag‎ ― a small man
    ùine bheag‎ ― a short time
  2. disagreeable
    Is beag orm thu.‎ ― I hate you. (literally, You are disagreeable to me.)
  3. light, trifling, insignificant
    Is beag seo.‎ ― This is a trifling thing.
  4. young
    na sionnaich bheaga‎ ― the young foxes
  5. sordid, miserly, niggardly
    Is beag sin de Ghàidhlig.‎ ― That is a poor sort of Gaelic.
    Tha e fìor bheag 'n a nàdar.‎ ― He has a very niggardly disposition.

Declension[edit]

Case Masculine singular Feminine singular Plural
Nominative beag bheag beaga
Vocative bhig bheag beaga
Genitive bhig bige beaga
Dative beag bhig beaga

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Faclair Gàidhlig Dwelly Air Loidhne, Dwelly, Edward (1911), Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary (10th ed.), Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, ISBN 0 901771 92 9
  • A Pronouncing and Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language (John Grant, Edinburgh, 1925, Compiled by Malcolm MacLennan)
  • bec” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.