Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/bʰewgʰ-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*bʰewgʰ-[1][2]

  1. to bend
  2. curve, arch

Derived terms[edit]

  • *bʰéwgʰ-e-ti (thematic present)
    • Germanic: *beuganą[3] (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰowgʰ-éye-ti (éye-causative)
  • *bʰugʰ-eh₂-yé-ti (eh₂-denominal causative)
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Slavic: *bъgati (to bend) (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰugʰ-néh₂-ti (iterative)
    • Germanic: *bukkōną (to bend)[5]
      • Germanic: *bugô (bow) (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰu-né-gʰ- ~ *bʰu-n̥-gʰ-e-ti (nasal-infix present)
    • Celtic: *bungeti[6] (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰowgʰ-o-s
    • Germanic: *baugaz (bend) (see there for further descendants)
    • Slavic: *bugъ (armillary)
    • Balto-Slavic: *baugāˀ
      • Latvian: buoga (marshy place at a river)
      • Slavic: *buga (marsh, oxbow lake)[7]
  • >? *bʰowgʰ-ú-s
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Lithuanian: baugùs (fearful, easily frightened)[8]
        • Lithuanian: bū́gti (to fear) (sta-present)
      • Slavic: *bugavъ (mentally challenged) (rare)

With metathesis *gʰewbʰ-:

  • *gʰu-né-bʰ- ~ *gʰu-m-bʰ- (nasal-infix present)
  • *gʰubʰ-néw- ~ *gʰubʰ-nu- (nu-present)
    • Balto-Slavic:
  • *gʰowbʰ-eye- (causative/iterative)
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Slavic: *gubìti (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*bʰeu̯gʰ-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 85
  2. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “2. bheug-, bheugh-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume 1, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 152
  3. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “beugan- ~ *būgan-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 61
  4. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “baugjan-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 55
  5. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*bukk/gōn-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 83
  6. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*bu-n-g-o-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 84
  7. ^ Trubačóv, Oleg, editor (1976), “*buga”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 03, Moscow: Nauka, page 78
  8. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “baugus”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 83