bera

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See also: Bera, béra, bēra, be̱ra, bērā, bëra, and berą

Atong (India)[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

bera

  1. fence

References[edit]


Basque[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Determiner[edit]

bera

  1. the same
    Ikasle bera izan da leihoa apurtu duena.That same student has broken the window.
Usage notes[edit]
  • This term is used anaphorically, referencing a noun that has already been mentioned.
  • This term is declined differently depending on whether it's used as a determiner or a pronoun (unlike hau, hori and hura).
Declension[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

bera

  1. Third-person singular personal pronoun; he, she, it
    Berarekin etorri zinen.You came with him/her.
  2. oneself, in person (used for greater emphasis)
    Nire amonak berak egingo ditu erosketak.My grandmother herself will do the shopping.
    Nire etxean bertan nago.I'm at my own house.
Usage notes[edit]
  • Unlike the determiner, this term isn't used anaphorically. Rather, it is used as an emphatic version of hura (similar to the pair ni/neu).
  • This term is declined differently depending on whether it's used as a determiner or a pronoun (unlike hau, hori and hura).
  • When used in the second sense, both the noun and the pronoun are declined.
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bera (comparative berago, superlative beren, excessive beregi)

  1. soft, smooth
  2. gentle, soft, mild
Declension[edit]
Declension of bera (adjective, ending in -a)
indefinite singular plural
absolutive bera bera berak
ergative berak berak berek
dative berari berari berei
genitive beraren beraren beren
comitative berarekin berarekin berekin
causative berarengatik berarengatik berengatik
benefactive berarentzat berarentzat berentzat
instrumental beraz beraz berez
inessive anim. berarengan berarengan berengan
inanim. beratan beran beretan
locative anim.
inanim. beratako berako beretako
allative anim. berarengana berarengana berengana
inanim. beratara berara beretara
terminative anim. berarenganaino berarenganaino berenganaino
inanim. berataraino beraraino beretaraino
directive anim. berarenganantz berarenganantz berenganantz
inanim. beratarantz berarantz beretarantz
destinative anim. berarenganako berarenganako berenganako
inanim. beratarako berarako beretarako
ablative anim. berarengandik berarengandik berengandik
inanim. beratatik beratik beretatik
partitive berarik
prolative beratzat

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

bera

  1. allative singular of be

Further reading[edit]

  • bera in Euskaltzaindiaren Hiztegia, euskaltzaindia.eus
  • bera” in Orotariko Euskal Hiztegia, euskaltzaindia.eus

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

bera

  1. masculine singular present transgressive of brát

Anagrams[edit]


Faroese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From berur.

Noun[edit]

bera f (genitive singular beru, plural berur)

  1. clearing
Declension[edit]
Declension of bera
f1 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative bera beran berur berurnar
accusative beru beruna berur berurnar
dative beru beruni berum berunum
genitive beru berunnar bera beranna
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse bera (to bear), from Proto-Germanic *beraną, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰer-.

Verb[edit]

bera (takes accusative object, third person singular past indicative bar, third person plural past indicative bóru, supine borið)

  1. to bear, to carry
Conjugation[edit]
Conjugation of bera (group v-54)
infinitive bera
supine borið
participle (a26)1 berandi borin
present past
first singular beri bar
second singular bert bart
third singular ber bar
plural bera bóru
imperative
singular ber!
plural berið!
1Only the past participle being declined.

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the Old Norse bera (to bear), from Proto-Germanic *beraną, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰer-.

Verb[edit]

bera (strong verb, third-person singular past indicative bar, third-person plural past indicative báru, supine borið)

  1. (governs the accusative) to carry, to bear
  2. (governs the accusative, of cows and sheep) to give birth
  3. (impersonal) denotes an obligation or duty to do something
    • Article 1, Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Icelandic, English)
      Hver maður er borinn frjáls og jafn öðrum að virðingu og réttindum. Menn eru gæddir vitsmunum og samvizku, og ber þeim að breyta bróðurlega hverjum við annan.
      All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
    Mér ber að fara í stríð.
    It is my duty to go to war.
Conjugation[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse bera, from Proto-Germanic *bazōną.

Verb[edit]

bera (weak verb, third-person singular past indicative beraði, supine berað)

  1. to bare
Conjugation[edit]

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

bera

  1. Rōmaji transcription of べら
  2. Rōmaji transcription of ベラ

Kelabit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-North Sarawak [Term?], from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *bəʀas, from Proto-Austronesian *bəʀas.

Noun[edit]

bera

  1. rice ((raw) seeds used as food)

Khumi Chin[edit]

Bera.

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Bengali ভেড়া (bheṛa).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bera

  1. sheep

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • K. E. Herr (2011) The phonological interpretation of minor syllables, applied to Lemi Chin[1], Payap University, page 74

Latin[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bēra

  1. inflection of bērus:
    1. nominative/vocative feminine singular
    2. nominative/accusative/vocative neuter plural

Adjective[edit]

bērā

  1. ablative feminine singular of bērus

References[edit]

  • bera”, in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • bera in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • bera”, in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse bera, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰer-. Akin to English bear.

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

bera (present tense ber, past tense bar, supine bore, past participle boren, present participle berande, imperative ber)

  1. to carry, bear
    Kor langt skal eg bera dette?
    How far shall I carry this?
    Vil isen bera oss?
    Will the ice bear us?

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

bera f

  1. definite singular of bere

References[edit]


Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *berô (bear). Cognate with Old Frisian *bera, Old Saxon bero, Old Dutch *bero, Old High German bero. The oblique stem *bern- gave Old Norse bjǫrn.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bera m

  1. bear

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle English: bere, bier, beare, beore, bore
    • English: bear (see there for further descendants)
    • Scots: beir

Old Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bera

  1. genitive singular/dual of bir (spit)

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

·bera

  1. third-person singular present subjunctive conjunct of beirid

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
bera bera
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbera
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old Norse[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *beraną, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰéreti (*bʰer- being the root). Compare Old English beran, Old Saxon beran, Old High German beran, Gothic 𐌱𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌰𐌽 (bairan).

Verb[edit]

bera

  1. to carry, to bear
Conjugation[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *bazōną.

Verb[edit]

bera

  1. to make bare
Conjugation[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Somehow derived from Proto-Germanic *berô, whence also bjǫrn.

Noun[edit]

bera f (genitive beru)

  1. female bear
    Synonym: birna
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: bere f

Etymology 4[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bera

  1. inflection of berr:
    1. positive degree strong feminine accusative singular
    2. positive degree strong masculine accusative plural
    3. positive degree weak masculine oblique singular
    4. positive degree weak feminine nominative singular
    5. positive degree weak neuter singular

References[edit]

  • bera1”, in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • bera2”, in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • bera3”, in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • bera in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • bera”, in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French beurré.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈbɛ.ra/
  • Rhymes: -ɛra
  • Syllabification: be‧ra

Noun[edit]

bera f

  1. butter pear (a juicy, delicate-textured French variety of pear)

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • bera in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • bera in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Westrobothnian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse bera, from Proto-Germanic *beraną, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰer-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

bera (preterite bar, supine buri, middle beras, passive val buri)

  1. (transitive) To carry, to bear.
  2. (intransitive, of cows) To calve.

Conjugation[edit]