beirid

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Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

beirid

  1. (archaic, Munster) third-person plural present indicative/present subjunctive of beir

Usage notes[edit]

The modern standard forms are beireann siad in the indicative and go mbeire siad in the subjunctive.

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
beirid bheirid mbeirid
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Middle Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish beirid, from Proto-Celtic *bereti, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰer-. See Old Irish ro·uic for the etymology of the suppletive perfective forms.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (earlier) IPA(key): /ˈbʲerʲəðʲ/
  • (later) IPA(key): /ˈbʲerʲəɣʲ/

Verb[edit]

beirid (conjunct beir, verbal noun breth)

  1. to carry, bring
    • c. 1000, The Tale of Mac Da Thó's Pig, section 1, published in Irische Teste, vol. 1 (1880), edited by Ernst Windisch:
      Ro·ferad failte friu uile, ocus ructha chuci-sium isin mbruidin.
      They were all made welcome and brought to him in the hall.
    • c. 1000, Anonymous; published in, Rudolf Thurneysen, editor, Scéla Mucca Meic Dathó, Dublin: Staionery Office, 1935, § 1, l. 15, page 2: “Mani·tucad immurgu ní din chéttadall ni·bered a n-aill. [If, however, he did not take anything at (literally from) his first thrust, he did not bring the second.]”

Conjugation[edit]

  • Third person singular imperfect indicative: ·bered
  • Plural passive perfect contracted absolute: ructha

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: beir
  • Manx: behr
  • Scottish Gaelic: beir

Mutation[edit]

Middle Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
beirid beirid
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbeirid
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *bereti, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰer-. See ro·uic for the etymology of the suppletive perfective forms.

Cognates include Gothic 𐌱𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌰𐌽 (bairan), Ancient Greek φέρω (phérō), Sanskrit भरति (bhárati), Latin ferō, Old Church Slavonic бьрати (bĭrati).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

beirid (conjunct ·beir, verbal noun breth)

  1. to carry, bring
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 6c9
      Ní hed not·beir i nem, cía ba loingthech.
      It is not this that brings you sg into heaven, that you may be gluttonous.
  2. to bear (children)
    • c. 800–825, Diarmait, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 129c8
      in tan ṁberes claind, is fáilid íar sin
      when she bears children, she is joyous after that
  3. to give (judgment)
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 9c12
      Bat hé berte bretha lib.
      Let it be them who give judgments among you.

Conjugation[edit]

Perfective forms derived from ro·uic:

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
beirid beirid
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbeirid
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]