beir

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See also: beír

Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish beirid, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰer-.

Verb[edit]

beir ‎(present analytic beireann, future analytic béarfaidh, verbal noun breith, past participle beirthe) (transitive, intransitive)

  1. bear, give birth to (of persons, usually autonomously with do)
    Rug sí lao.‎ ― She bore a calf.
    Rugadh iníon di.‎ ― She bore a daughter.
  2. (of birds) lay
  3. bear away, win
  4. bring, take
  5. proceed, advance
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
  • beir ar ‎(catch; overtake)

Etymology 2[edit]

Inflected form of beidh.

Verb[edit]

beir

  1. (literary, Munster) second-person singular future of
    Beir ana-shásta ansin.
    You will be very happy there.
Usage notes[edit]

The modern standard form is the analytic construction beidh .

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
beir bheir mbeir
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • "beir" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • beirid” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Old Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

·beir (present), beir (imperative)

  1. third-person singular present conjunct of beirid
  2. second-person singular imperative of beirid

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
·beir ·beir
pronounced with /-v(ʲ)-/
·mbeir
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish beirid, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰer-.

Verb[edit]

beir ‎(past rug, future beiridh, verbal noun breith, past participle beirte)

  1. carry, bear
  2. catch

Participles[edit]

Tense \ Voice Active Passive
Present a' breith --
Past rug rugadh
Future beiridh beirear
Conditional bheireadh bheirteadh

References[edit]