barna

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Albanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Gheg plural form of bar (herb, grass). Sometimes replaced by the Ottoman loanword ilaç.

Noun[edit]

barna f (definite plural barnat)

  1. drug, medicine

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Basque[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

barna (comparative barnago, superlative barnen, excessive barnegi)

  1. deep

Declension[edit]

Adverb[edit]

barna (comparative barnago, superlative barnen, excessive barnegi)

  1. deeply

Noun[edit]

barna inan

  1. conscience, soul

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • "barna" in Euskaltzaindiaren Hiztegia [Dictionary of the Basque Academy], euskaltzaindia.eus
  • barna” in Orotariko Euskal Hiztegia [General Basque Dictionary], euskaltzaindia.eus

Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

barna

  1. Romanization of 𐌱𐌰𐍂𐌽𐌰

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From German. Compare braun (brown).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

barna (comparative barnább, superlative legbarnább)

  1. brown
  2. having dark complexion/skin, tanned
  3. brown-haired, brunette
    • 1899, Endre Ady, Színházban[1]:
      Nincs egy tűrhető szereplő, / Unalmas, rossz mind a hány, / Ha hiányzik páholyából / Az az édes, barna lány.
      There's no decent character, / each of them is dull and bad, / if her box is empty, lacking, / oh without that sweet brunette.

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative barna barnák
accusative barnát barnákat
dative barnának barnáknak
instrumental barnával barnákkal
causal-final barnáért barnákért
translative barnává barnákká
terminative barnáig barnákig
essive-formal barnaként barnákként
essive-modal
inessive barnában barnákban
superessive barnán barnákon
adessive barnánál barnáknál
illative barnába barnákba
sublative barnára barnákra
allative barnához barnákhoz
elative barnából barnákból
delative barnáról barnákról
ablative barnától barnáktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
barnáé barnáké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
barnáéi barnákéi

Derived terms[edit]

Compound words
Expressions

See also[edit]

Colors in Hungarian · színek (terms that are not originally color names are usually supplemented with színű (-colored) or the nearest color name; less common names are marked in small) (layout · text)
     fehér      szürke      fekete
             piros​/​vörös; karmazsin​/​bíborvörös              narancssárga; barna              (citrom)sárga; krém-/vajszínű
             citromzöld              zöld              mentazöld
             cián​/​kékeszöld; zöldeskék              azúr(kék)​/​égszínkék              kék
             ibolya(sz.); indigó(sz.)​/​kékeslila              bíbor(sz.)​/​bordó; lila              rózsaszín

References[edit]

  1. ^ barna in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (‘Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)

Further reading[edit]

  • barna in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • barna in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (‘A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress; published A–ez as of 2024)

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From barn (child).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

barna (weak verb, third-person singular past indicative barnaði, supine barnað)

  1. (with accusative) to make pregnant, knock up
    Ég fréttiJón hefði barnað enn eina stelpuna.
    I heard that John has knocked up yet another girl.

Conjugation[edit]

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

barna

  1. indefinite genitive plural of barn

Kashubian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *borna.

Noun[edit]

barna f

  1. harrow

Further reading[edit]

  • barna”, in Internetowi Słowôrz Kaszëbsczégò Jãzëka [Internet Dictionary of the Kashubian Language], Fundacja Kaszuby, 2022

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun[edit]

barna n

  1. definite plural of barn

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

barna n

  1. definite plural of barn

Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From barn (child).

Verb[edit]

barna

  1. to get with child

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  • barna”, in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

barna

  1. (dialectal, nonstandard) definite plural of barn
    • 1895, Gustaf Fröding, “Illackt fôlk [Mean people]”, in Räggler å paschaser [Tall tales and adventures]:
      barna rände sôm möss ikring
      the children ran like mice around
    • 1971, Astrid Lindgren, Pippi går till sjöss [Pippi heads off to sea]:
      Negerprinsessa, tänk bara! Jag ska ha en egen neger som blankar mej med skokräm över hela kroppen, så att jag blir lika svart som dom andra negerbarna
      Negro princess, just imagine! I shall have a Negro of my own that can cover me in shoe polish, so that I become as black as the other Negro children.
    • (Can we date this quote?), Roald Dahl, translated by Viveka Tunek, Kalle och chokladfabriken [Charlie and the Chocolate Factory], 6th edition, Rabén & Sjögren, →ISBN, page 170:
      Men har du någon gång börjat fundera / och låtit det inom dig klarna / vad som sker med barna?
      But have you ever wondered / and realized by yourself / what happens to the children?

Usage notes[edit]

In most of Sweden’s traditional dialects the Old Swedish definite neuter plural ending -in developed into -a rather than the -en ending found in standard Swedish. Though such forms are considered strictly non-standard, they are found in dialectal texts and occasionally in the works of authors such as Astrid Lindgren, as well as in the spoken language of many dialecta around the Swedish-speaking area.

Anagrams[edit]