disicio

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Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From dis- +‎ iaciō ‎(throw, hurl).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

disiciō ‎(present infinitive disicere, perfect active disiēcī, supine disiectum); third conjugation iō-variant

  1. I throw or drive asunder; scatter, disperse, break up, divide; dishevel.
  2. (military) I disperse, scatter or rout the enemy.
  3. I destroy, bring to naught; thwart, overthrow, frustrate.

Usage notes[edit]

In prosody, the first syllable is always long, thus disiciō can be alternatively written as dīsiciō.

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of disicio (third conjugation -variant)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present disiciō disicis disicit disicimus disicitis disiciunt
imperfect disiciēbam disiciēbās disiciēbat disiciēbāmus disiciēbātis disiciēbant
future disiciam disiciēs disiciet disiciēmus disiciētis disicient
perfect disiēcī disiēcistī disiēcit disiēcimus disiēcistis disiēcērunt, disiēcēre
pluperfect disiēceram disiēcerās disiēcerat disiēcerāmus disiēcerātis disiēcerant
future perfect disiēcerō disiēceris disiēcerit disiēcerimus disiēceritis disiēcerint
passive present disicior disiceris, disicere disicitur disicimur disiciminī disiciuntur
imperfect disiciēbar disiciēbāris, disiciēbāre disiciēbātur disiciēbāmur disiciēbāminī disiciēbantur
future disiciar disiciēris, disiciēre disiciētur disiciēmur disiciēminī disicientur
perfect disiectus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect disiectus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect disiectus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present disiciam disiciās disiciat disiciāmus disiciātis disiciant
imperfect disicerem disicerēs disiceret disicerēmus disicerētis disicerent
perfect disiēcerim disiēcerīs disiēcerit disiēcerīmus disiēcerītis disiēcerint
pluperfect disiēcissem disiēcissēs disiēcisset disiēcissēmus disiēcissētis disiēcissent
passive present disiciar disiciāris, disiciāre disiciātur disiciāmur disiciāminī disiciantur
imperfect disicerer disicerēris, disicerēre disicerētur disicerēmur disicerēminī disicerentur
perfect disiectus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect disiectus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present disice disicite
future disicitō disicitō disicitōte disiciuntō
passive present disicere disiciminī
future disicitor disicitor disiciuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives disicere disiēcisse disiectūrus esse disicī disiectus esse disiectum īrī
participles disiciēns disiectūrus disiectus disiciendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
disicere disiciendī disiciendō disiciendum disiectum disiectū

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • disicio” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.