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Alternative forms[edit]


From prō- (from, in the place of; for) +‎ iaciō (throw, hurl).



prōiciō (present infinitive prōicere, perfect active prōiēcī, supine prōiectum); third conjugation iō-variant

  1. I throw, thrust, drive, fling or hurl forth, down, away or out; discharge, scatter.
  2. (by extension) I stretch out, hold out, extend, project.
  3. (by extension) I cast out, expel, exile, banish.
  4. (in architecture) I let part of a building jut out, cause to project.
  5. (figuratively) I throw away, give up, yield, resign, renounce, reject, disdain; neglect, desert, abandon.
  6. (figuratively, with se) I rush into something; degrade myself.
  7. (figuratively) I put off, defer, delay.


   Conjugation of proicio (third conjugation -variant)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present prōiciō prōicis prōicit prōicimus prōicitis prōiciunt
imperfect prōiciēbam prōiciēbās prōiciēbat prōiciēbāmus prōiciēbātis prōiciēbant
future prōiciam prōiciēs prōiciet prōiciēmus prōiciētis prōicient
perfect prōiēcī prōiēcistī prōiēcit prōiēcimus prōiēcistis prōiēcērunt, prōiēcēre
pluperfect prōiēceram prōiēcerās prōiēcerat prōiēcerāmus prōiēcerātis prōiēcerant
future perfect prōiēcerō prōiēceris prōiēcerit prōiēcerimus prōiēceritis prōiēcerint
passive present prōicior prōiceris, prōicere prōicitur prōicimur prōiciminī prōiciuntur
imperfect prōiciēbar prōiciēbāris, prōiciēbāre prōiciēbātur prōiciēbāmur prōiciēbāminī prōiciēbantur
future prōiciar prōiciēris, prōiciēre prōiciētur prōiciēmur prōiciēminī prōicientur
perfect prōiectus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect prōiectus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect prōiectus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present prōiciam prōiciās prōiciat prōiciāmus prōiciātis prōiciant
imperfect prōicerem prōicerēs prōiceret prōicerēmus prōicerētis prōicerent
perfect prōiēcerim prōiēcerīs prōiēcerit prōiēcerīmus prōiēcerītis prōiēcerint
pluperfect prōiēcissem prōiēcissēs prōiēcisset prōiēcissēmus prōiēcissētis prōiēcissent
passive present prōiciar prōiciāris, prōiciāre prōiciātur prōiciāmur prōiciāminī prōiciantur
imperfect prōicerer prōicerēris, prōicerēre prōicerētur prōicerēmur prōicerēminī prōicerentur
perfect prōiectus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect prōiectus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present prōice prōicite
future prōicitō prōicitō prōicitōte prōiciuntō
passive present prōicere prōiciminī
future prōicitor prōicitor prōiciuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives prōicere prōiēcisse prōiectūrus esse prōicī prōiectus esse prōiectum īrī
participles prōiciēns prōiectūrus prōiectus prōiciendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
prōicere prōiciendī prōiciendō prōiciendum prōiectum prōiectū


Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]



  • proicio in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • proicio in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • proicio in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français [Illustrated Latin-French Dictionary], Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to throw oneself at some one's feet: ad pedes alicuius se proicere, se abicere, procumbere, se prosternere
  • proicio in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016