From Middle English upbreiden, from Old English ūpbreġdan, equivalent to up- + braid. Compare English umbraid (“to upbraid”), Icelandic bregða (“to draw, brandish, braid, deviate from, change, break off, upbraid”). See up, and braid (transitive).
- (transitive) To criticize severely.
- a. 1587, Philippe Sidnei [i.e., Philip Sidney], “(please specify the page number)”, in Fulke Greville, Matthew Gwinne, and John Florio, editors, The Covntesse of Pembrokes Arcadia [The New Arcadia], London: […] [John Windet] for William Ponsonbie, published 1590, OCLC 801077108; republished in Albert Feuillerat, editor, The Countesse of Pembrokes Arcadia (Cambridge English Classics: The Complete Works of Sir Philip Sidney; I), Cambridge, Cambridgeshire: University Press, 1912, OCLC 318419127:
- How much doth thy kindness upbraid my wickedness!
- (transitive, archaic, followed by with or for, and formerly of before the object) To charge with something wrong or disgraceful; to reproach
- c. 1608–1609, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedy of Coriolanus”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act V, scene i]:
- Yet do not upbraid us our distress.
- (obsolete) To treat with contempt.
- (obsolete, followed by "to" before the object) To object or urge as a matter of reproach
- Synonym: cast up
- (archaic, intransitive) To utter upbraidings.
- (Britain dialectal, Northern England, archaic) To vomit; retch.
- (obsolete) The act of reproaching; scorn; disdain.