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bregða (strong verb, third-person singular past indicative brá, third-person plural past indicative brugðu, supine brugðið)

  1. (impersonal) to be startled, to be shocked, to be taken aback
    Mér brá.
    I was startled.
  2. (transitive, governs the dative) to move quickly, to jerk, (of a sword) to brandish, to draw
    • Matthew 26:52 (English and Icelandic)
      Jesús sagði við hann: „Slíðra sverð þitt! Allir, sem sverði bregða, munu fyrir sverði falla.“
      "Put your sword back in its place," Jesus said to him, "for all who draw the sword will die by the sword."
  3. (impersonal) to appear briefly
    Skrímslinu brá fyrir í skugganum.
    The monster appeared in the shadow.


This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Derived terms[edit]

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Old Norse[edit]


bregða (singular past indicative brá, plural past indicative brugðu, past participle brogðit)

  1. to turn around, flip