वृष

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably later form of वृषन् ‎(vṛṣan).

Noun[edit]

वृष ‎(vṛṣam

  1. man, male, husband
  2. the male of any animal
  3. bull (in older language only)
  4. the zodiacal sign Taurus
  5. a strong or potent man (one of the four classes into which men are divided in erotic works.)
  6. the chief of a class or anything the most excellent or preeminent or best of its kind
    vṛṣo 'ṅgulinām — the chief among fingers, the thumb
    vṛṣo gavām or simply vṛṣaḥ — the bull among cows, the principal die in a game at dice; often at the end of a compound, e.g.
    kapivṛṣāḥ — the chief monkeys
  7. Justice or Virtue personified as a bull or as Shiva's bull
  8. just or virtuous act, virtue, moral merit
  9. name of Shiva
  10. semen virile
  11. water
  12. mouse, rat (compare वृश ‎(vṛ́śa) and वृषदंश ‎(vṛṣa-daṃśa))
  13. enemy
  14. a particular form of a temple
  15. a piece of ground suitable for the foundation of a house
  16. name of Viṣṇu-kṛṣṇa
  17. name of Indra
  18. name of the Sun
  19. name of Kāma-deva
  20. name of the regent of the Karaṇa Catuṣ-pada
  21. name of Indra in the 11th manvantara
  22. name of a साध्य ‎(sādhya)
  23. name of one of स्कन्द ‎(skanda)'s attendants
  24. name of an asura (= वृषभ ‎(vṛṣabha))
  25. name of two sons of Krishna
  26. name of कर्ण ‎(karṇa)
  27. name of a son of वृषसेन ‎(vṛṣa-sena) and grandson of कर्ण ‎(karṇa)
  28. name of a Yādava and son of Madhu
  29. name of a son of Sṛñjaya
  30. name of an ancient king
  31. name of one of the 10 horses of the Moon
  32. name of various plants (Gendarussa Vulgaris or Adhatoda; Boerhavia Procumbens or Variegata; a species of bulbous plant growing on the हिमवत् ‎(himavat) etc.)

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of वृष
Nom. sg. वृषः ‎(vṛṣaḥ)
Gen. sg. वृषस्य ‎(vṛṣasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative वृषः ‎(vṛṣaḥ) वृषौ ‎(vṛṣau) वृषाः ‎(vṛṣāḥ)
Vocative वृष ‎(vṛṣa) वृषौ ‎(vṛṣau) वृषाः ‎(vṛṣāḥ)
Accusative वृषम् ‎(vṛṣam) वृषौ ‎(vṛṣau) वृषान् ‎(vṛṣān)
Instrumental वृषेण ‎(vṛṣeṇa) वृषाभ्याम् ‎(vṛṣābhyām) वृषैः ‎(vṛṣaiḥ)
Dative वृषाय ‎(vṛṣāya) वृषाभ्याम् ‎(vṛṣābhyām) वृषेभ्यः ‎(vṛṣebhyaḥ)
Ablative वृषात् ‎(vṛṣāt) वृषाभ्याम् ‎(vṛṣābhyām) वृषेभ्यः ‎(vṛṣebhyaḥ)
Genitive वृषस्य ‎(vṛṣasya) वृषयोः ‎(vṛṣayoḥ) वृषाणाम् ‎(vṛṣāṇām)
Locative वृषे ‎(vṛṣe) वृषयोः ‎(vṛṣayoḥ) वृषेषु ‎(vṛṣeṣu)

Noun[edit]

वृष ‎(vṛṣan

  1. a woman's apartment
  2. myrobalan
  3. a peacock's plumage or tail

Declension[edit]

Neuter a-stem declension of वृष
Nom. sg. वृषम् ‎(vṛṣam)
Gen. sg. वृषस्य ‎(vṛṣasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative वृषम् ‎(vṛṣam) वृषे ‎(vṛṣe) वृषाणि ‎(vṛṣāṇi)
Vocative वृष ‎(vṛṣa) वृषे ‎(vṛṣe) वृषाणि ‎(vṛṣāṇi)
Accusative वृषम् ‎(vṛṣam) वृषे ‎(vṛṣe) वृषाणि ‎(vṛṣāṇi)
Instrumental वृषेण ‎(vṛṣeṇa) वृषाभ्याम् ‎(vṛṣābhyām) वृषैः ‎(vṛṣaiḥ)
Dative वृषा ‎(vṛṣā) वृषाभ्याम् ‎(vṛṣābhyām) वृषेभ्यः ‎(vṛṣebhyaḥ)
Ablative वृषात् ‎(vṛṣāt) वृषाभ्याम् ‎(vṛṣābhyām) वृषेभ्यः ‎(vṛṣebhyaḥ)
Genitive वृषस्य ‎(vṛṣasya) वृषयोः ‎(vṛṣayoḥ) वृषाणाम् ‎(vṛṣāṇām)
Locative वृषे ‎(vṛṣe) वृषयोः ‎(vṛṣayoḥ) वृषेषु ‎(vṛṣeṣu)

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1011