हृद्

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *źʰŕ̥d, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ȷ́ʰŕ̥d, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱr̥d-, oblique case stem of *ḱḗr (heart). Cognate with Avestan 𐬰𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬛‎(zərəd‎), Ancient Greek καρδίᾱ (kardíā), Hittite 𒆠𒅕 (kir), Old Church Slavonic срьдьцє (srĭdĭce), Latin cor, German Herz, Old English heorte (whence English heart).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

हृद् (hṛ́dn

  1. heart
    Synonym: हृदय (hṛ́daya)
  2. soul, mind
  3. the heart or interior of the body
  4. breast, chest

Declension[edit]

Neuter d-stem declension of हृद्
Nom. sg. हृत् (hṛt)
Gen. sg. हृदः (hṛdaḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative हृत् (hṛt) हृदी (hṛdī) हृन्दि (hṛndi)
Vocative हृत् (hṛt) हृदी (hṛdī) हृन्दि (hṛndi)
Accusative हृत् (hṛt) हृदी (hṛdī) हृन्दि (hṛndi)
Instrumental हृदा (hṛdā) हृद्भ्याम् (hṛdbhyām) हृद्भिः (hṛdbhiḥ)
Dative हृदे (hṛde) हृद्भ्याम् (hṛdbhyām) हृद्भ्यः (hṛdbhyaḥ)
Ablative हृदः (hṛdaḥ) हृद्भ्याम् (hṛdbhyām) हृद्भ्यः (hṛdbhyaḥ)
Genitive हृदः (hṛdaḥ) हृदोः (hṛdoḥ) हृदाम् (hṛdām)
Locative हृदि (hṛdi) हृदोः (hṛdoḥ) हृत्सु (hṛtsu)

References[edit]

  • हृद्” in Carl Cappeller, A Sanskrit–English Dictionary: Based upon the St. Petersburg Lexicons, Strasbourg: Karl J. Trübner, 1891, →OCLC, page 666.
  • Monier Williams (1899), “हृद्”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, OCLC 458052227, page 1302.
  • Arthur A. Macdonell, A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout, London: Oxford University Press, 1893, page 380
  • Horace Hayman Wilson, A dictionary in Sanscrit and English, 2nd ed., Calcutta: Education Press, Circular Road, 1832, page 978