ἵστημι

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *hístāmi, from Proto-Indo-European *stísteh₂ti, the reduplicated present of *steh₂-. Cognate with Old English standan (English stand), Sanskrit तिष्ठति (tíṣṭhati) (root √sthā), Latin sistō, Old Armenian ստանամ (stanam), Persian ایستادن(istādan).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Verb[edit]

ῐ̔́στημῐ (hístēmi)

  1. (transitive, active voice of present, imperfect, future, and 1st aorist tenses)
    1. to make to stand, to stand, set
    2. to stop, stay, check
    3. to set up
      1. to cause to rise, to raise, rouse, stir up
      2. to set up, appoint
      3. to establish, institute
    4. to place in the balance, weigh
  2. (intransitive, middle and passive voice, active voice of 2nd aorist, perfect, and pluperfect)
    1. to stand
    2. to stand still
      1. (figuratively) to stand firm
    3. to be set up or upright, to stand up, rise up
      1. (generally) to arise, begin
      2. (in marking time) to be
      3. to be appointed

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]