ἵστημι

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *stísteh₂-, the reduplicated present of *steh₂-. Cognates include Old English standan (English stand), Sanskrit तिष्ठति (tiṣṭhati) (root √sthā), Latin stō, sistō, Old Armenian ստանամ (stanam), Persian ایستادن (istādan).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /hís.tɛː.mi/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈ(h)is.te.mi/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈis.ti.mi/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈis.ti.mi/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈis.ti.mi/
  • Verb[edit]

    ῐ̔́στημῐ (hístēmi)

    1. (transitive, active voice of present, imperfect, future, and 1st aorist tenses)
      1. to make to stand, to stand, set
      2. to stop, stay, check
      3. to set up
        1. to cause to rise, to raise, rouse, stir up
        2. to set up, appoint
        3. to establish, institute
      4. to place in the balance, weigh
    2. (intransitive, middle and passive voice, active voice of 2nd aorist, perfect, and pluperfect)
      1. to stand
      2. to stand still
        1. (figuratively) to stand firm
      3. to be set up or upright, to stand up, rise up
        1. (generally) to arise, begin
        2. (in marking time) to be
        3. to be appointed

    Inflection[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Related terms[edit]

    References[edit]