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Alternative forms[edit]



exsistō (present infinitive exsistere, perfect active exstitī); third conjugation, no passive

  1. I am, exist.
  2. I appear, arise, emerge.
  3. I become.
  4. (third-person) there is, there are
  5. I stand out (as), I stand out in regard to (+ dative)


   Conjugation of exsisto (third conjugation, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present exsistō exsistis exsistit exsistimus exsistitis exsistunt
imperfect exsistēbam exsistēbās exsistēbat exsistēbāmus exsistēbātis exsistēbant
future exsistam exsistēs exsistet exsistēmus exsistētis exsistent
perfect exstitī exstitistī exstitit exstitimus exstitistis exstitērunt, exstitēre
pluperfect exstiteram exstiterās exstiterat exstiterāmus exstiterātis exstiterant
future perfect exstiterō exstiteris exstiterit exstiterimus exstiteritis exstiterint
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present exsistam exsistās exsistat exsistāmus exsistātis exsistant
imperfect exsisterem exsisterēs exsisteret exsisterēmus exsisterētis exsisterent
perfect exstiterim exstiterīs exstiterit exstiterīmus exstiterītis exstiterint
pluperfect exstitissem exstitissēs exstitisset exstitissēmus exstitissētis exstitissent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present exsiste exsistite
future exsistitō exsistitō exsistitōte exsistuntō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives exsistere exstitisse
participles exsistēns
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
exsistere exsistendī exsistendō exsistendum


  • exsisto in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • exsisto in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • exsisto in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français [Illustrated Latin-French Dictionary], Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • at this point the question arises: hoc loco exsistit quaestio, quaeritur
    • to summon some one from the dead: aliquem ab inferis or a mortuis evocare, excitare (passive ab inferis exsistere)
  • exsisto in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016