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From per- (through) +‎ teneō (I hold). Compare, on composition and meaning, with the later formed perteneō (to hold constantly).



pertineō (present infinitive pertinēre, perfect active pertinuī); second conjugation, no passive, no supine stem

  1. to extend, stretch out, reach, matter
    • c. 52 BCE, Julius Caesar, Commentarii de Bello Gallico 1.1:
      Aquitania a Garumna flumine ad Pyrenaeos montes et eam partem Oceani quae est ad Hispaniam pertinet; spectat inter occasum solis et septentriones.
      Aquitania extends from the river Garonne to the Pyrenaean mountains and to that part of the ocean which is near Spain: it looks between the setting of the sun, and the north star.
  2. to belong, relate, pertain, have concern
  3. to have a tendency to, tend to
  4. to be the property of, belong to; to be attributable to

Usage notes[edit]

The verb takes the preposition ad, very rarely in or per, governing the Accusative.


   Conjugation of pertineō (second conjugation, no supine stem, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pertineō pertinēs pertinet pertinēmus pertinētis pertinent
imperfect pertinēbam pertinēbās pertinēbat pertinēbāmus pertinēbātis pertinēbant
future pertinēbō pertinēbis pertinēbit pertinēbimus pertinēbitis pertinēbunt
perfect pertinuī pertinuistī pertinuit pertinuimus pertinuistis pertinuērunt,
pluperfect pertinueram pertinuerās pertinuerat pertinuerāmus pertinuerātis pertinuerant
future perfect pertinuerō pertinueris pertinuerit pertinuerimus pertinueritis pertinuerint
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pertineam pertineās pertineat pertineāmus pertineātis pertineant
imperfect pertinērem pertinērēs pertinēret pertinērēmus pertinērētis pertinērent
perfect pertinuerim pertinuerīs pertinuerit pertinuerīmus pertinuerītis pertinuerint
pluperfect pertinuissem pertinuissēs pertinuisset pertinuissēmus pertinuissētis pertinuissent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pertinē pertinēte
future pertinētō pertinētō pertinētōte pertinentō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives pertinēre pertinuisse
participles pertinēns
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
pertinendī pertinendō pertinendum pertinendō

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]



  • pertineo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pertineo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pertineo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the territory of this race extends as far as the Rhine: haec gens pertinet usque ad Rhenum
    • to be essentially important to a thing: pertinere ad aliquid
    • a wise man is in no way affected by this: hoc nihil ad sapientem pertinet
    • a suspicion falls on some one: suspicio (alicuius rei) cadit in aliquem, pertinet ad aliquem
    • the necessaries of life: quae ad victum pertinent