ум

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See also: оумъ, юм, ym, and Ym

Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *umъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ум (umm

  1. mind, intellect, brains, brain, grey matter, nous, grey cells
    Synonyms: акъл (akǎl), интелект (intelekt), разум (razum)

Declension[edit]


Macedonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *umъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ум (umm (plural умови, related adjective умен, diminutive умче, augmentative умиште)

  1. intellect, intelligence, mind, wit, brain

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *umъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [um]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

ум (umm inan (genitive ума́, nominative plural умы́, genitive plural умо́в, augmentative уми́ще, pejorative уми́шко)

  1. mind
    в своём уме́v svojóm uméin one's senses, in one's right mind
    не в своём уме́ne v svojóm uménot right in the head, out of one's sense
    взя́ться за умvzjátʹsja za umclean up one's act
    у него́ ум за ра́зум зашёлu nevó um za rázum zašólhe went crazy
    прийти́ на умprijtí na umto occur, to cross one's mind
    своди́ть/свести́ с ума́svodítʹ/svestí s umáto go crazy
  2. intellect
  3. cleverness, brains, wit
  4. reason

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *umъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

у̑м m (Latin spelling ȗm)

  1. mind
  2. intellect
  3. wit

Declension[edit]


Southern Altai[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *ɨm.

Noun[edit]

ум (um)

  1. secret sign

References[edit]

Räsänen, Martti (1969) Versuch eines etymologischen Wörterbuchs der Türksprachen (in German), Helsinki: Suomalais-ugrilainen seura


Udmurt[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Permic *on, from Proto-Uralic *adema. Cognates include Komi-Zyrian ун (un) and Komi-Permyak он (on).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈum/
  • Hyphenation: ум

Noun[edit]

ум (um)

  1. sleep
  2. dream