γένος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *génos, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵénh₁os (race). Cognates include Latin genus, Sanskrit जनस् (jánas), Old Armenian ծին (cin) and English kin. Also see γίγνομαι (gígnomai, I am born).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /ɡé.nos/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈɡɛ.nos/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈɣe.nos/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈʝe.nos/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈʝe.nos/
  • Noun[edit]

    γένος (génosn (genitive γένεος or γένους); third declension

    1. offspring, descendant
    2. family, clan
    3. nation, race
    4. gender
      1. (grammar) grammatical gender
      2. sex
    5. any type or class

    Inflection[edit]

    Related terms[edit]

    also

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]


    Greek[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Ancient Greek γένος. Also see γίγνομαι (gígnomai, I am born).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • IPA(key): /ʝe̞no̞s/
    • Hyphenation: γέ‧νος

    Noun[edit]

    γένος (génosn (plural γένη)

    1. family
    2. nation
    3. (taxonomy, biology) genus
    4. (grammar) gender (masculine, feminine, etc)
    5. maiden name

    Declension[edit]

    Coordinate terms[edit]

    Related terms[edit]

    and see

    Further reading[edit]