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See also: and
U+5DD6, 巖
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5DD6

[U+5DD5]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5DD7]

Translingual

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Japanese /
Simplified
Traditional 巖/

Han character

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(Kangxi radical 46, +20, 23 strokes, cangjie input 山口口大 (URRK), four-corner 22248, composition )

  1. cliff, precipice
  2. cave, grotto

Derived characters

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 323, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8649
  • Dae Jaweon: page 623, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 808, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+5DD6

Chinese

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trad. /*
simp. *
nonstandard simp. 𰎠
alternative forms

𰦾

Glyph origin

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Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *ŋraːm) : semantic (mountain) + phonetic (OC *ŋam).

Etymology 1

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Pronunciation

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Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (149)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Baxter ngaem
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋˠam/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋᵚam/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋam/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋaɨm/
Li
Rong
/ŋam/
Wang
Li
/ŋam/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋam/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yán
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
ngaam4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yán
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngæm ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ŋ]ˁr[a]m/ (< uvular?)
English rocky, lofty

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3684
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋraːm/

Definitions

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  1. (of a military position) dangerous and important
    [Classical Chinese, trad.]
    [Classical Chinese, simp.]
    From: Commentary of Zuo, c. 4th century BCE
    Zhì, yán yì yě, Guó Shū sǐ yān. [Pinyin]
    The Zhi area is a dangerous and important place, Guo Shu died there.

Etymology 2

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For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“cliff; rock; stone; -ite; etc.”).
(This character is a variant form of ).

Compounds

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References

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Japanese

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Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji

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(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings

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Korean

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Hanja

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(am, eom) (hangeul , , revised am, eom, McCune–Reischauer am, ŏm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: nham

  1. same as nham

Readings

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References

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  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999