- to use; according to; so as to; in order to; by; with; because; Israel (abbrev.)
warn; admonish to mimic the wrongdoing of others; to follow and do a wrong thing simp. and trad.
以 儆 效尤
- to make a public demonstration of punishing a wrongdoer in order to deter innocents who might mimic the example of the wrongdoer