以上

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Chinese[edit]

 
to use; according to; so as to; in order to; by; with; because; Israel (abbrev.)
 
on; up; on top; upon; first (of two parts); previous or last (week, etc.); upper; higher; above; previous; to climb; to go into; above; to go up
simp. and trad.
(以上)

Pronunciation[edit]


Adverb[edit]

以上

  1. more than, above, over

Adjective[edit]

以上

  1. the above-mentioned

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
じょう
Grade: 1
on'yomi

Noun[edit]

以上 ‎(hiragana いじょう, romaji ijō, historical hiragana いじやう)

  1. the aforementioned, the foregoing
  2. The End. (Used at the end of a text to indicate there is nothing further.)
  3. equal to or more; includes the base number
  4. (Plain form Verb) + 以上は: since, now that, so long as, once

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, ISBN 4095102535.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this word

Noun[edit]

以上 ‎(isang) ‎(hangeul 이상)

  1. Hanja form? of 이상, “the aforementioned, the foregoing”.