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to use; according to; so as to; in order to; by; with; because; Israel (abbrev.)
up; on; on top; upon; first; previous or last; upper; higher; above; previous; to climb; to go into; to go up
|simp. and trad.
|alternative forms||已上 obsolete|
- (usually Internet, influenced by Japanese) That is all. (used at the end of a text to indicate that there is nothing further)
|Kanji in this term|
- the aforementioned, the foregoing
- equal to or more; includes the base number
- (plain form Verb) + 以上は: since, now that, so long as, once
- That is all. (used at the end of a text to indicate that there is nothing further)
- 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.
|Hanja in this term|