以上

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Chinese[edit]

 
to use; according to; so as to; in order to; by; with; because; Israel (abbrev.)
 
up; on; on top; upon; first; previous or last; upper; higher; above; previous; to climb; to go into; to go up
simp. and trad.
(以上)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

以上

  1. above; more than; over
  2. above-mentioned; above

Phrase[edit]

以上

  1. (usually Internet, influenced by Japanese) That is all. (used at the end of a text to indicate that there is nothing further)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
じょう
Grade: 1
on’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

以上 (hiragana いじょう, rōmaji ijō, historical hiragana いじやう)

  1. the aforementioned, the foregoing
  2. equal to or more; includes the base number
  3. (plain form Verb) + 以上は: since, now that, so long as, once

Phrase[edit]

以上 (hiragana いじょう, rōmaji ijō, historical hiragana いじやう)

  1. That is all. (used at the end of a text to indicate that there is nothing further)

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, ISBN 4095102535.
  1. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō
  2. ^ Hirayama, Tetsuo (1960) 全国アクセント辞典 (Nationwide Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: 東京堂,.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

以上 (isang) (hangeul 이상)

  1. Hanja form? of 이상, “the aforementioned, the foregoing”.