고기

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Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

First attested in the Jīlín lèishì (鷄林類事 / 계림유사), 1103, as Late Old Korean 姑記 (Yale: *kwoki), which already defines it as meaning both (meat) and (fish). In the Hangul script, first attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as Middle Korean 고기〮 (Yale: kwòkí). See also Jeju 궤기 (gwegi).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gogi
Revised Romanization (translit.)?gogi
McCune–Reischauer?kogi
Yale Romanization?koki
  • South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: 기의 / 기에 / 기까지

    Syllables in red take high pitch. This word always takes high pitch only on the first syllable, and lowers the pitch of subsequent suffixes.

Noun[edit]

고기 (gogi)

  1. meat; flesh [from at least 1103]
    고기 먹습니다.Jeo-neun gogi-reul mot meokseumnida.I can't eat meat.
  2. fish (animal) [from at least 1103]
    Synonym: 물고기 (mulgogi)
    연못 노니는 고기yeonmos-e nonineun gogi-deulfish frolicking in the pond
Usage notes[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
idioms
compounds
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (ancient) + (chronicle, statement).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ˈko̞(ː)ɡi]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gogi
Revised Romanization (translit.)?gogi
McCune–Reischauer?kogi
Yale Romanization?kōki

Noun[edit]

고기 (gogi) (hanja 古記)

  1. a historical record; an ancient document

Middle Korean[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kò.kí/, [kò.ɡí]

Noun[edit]

고기〮 (kwòkí)

  1. meat; flesh
  2. fish

Descendants[edit]

  • Jeju: 궤기 (gwegi)
  • Korean: 고기 (gogi)