acre

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See also: Acre and âcre

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

  • aker (archaic)
  • acer (-er form, chiefly UK)

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English acre, aker, from Old English æcer (field where crops are grown), from Proto-West Germanic *ak(k)r, from Proto-Germanic *akraz (field), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂éǵros (field).

Cognate with Scots acre, aker, acker (acre, field, arable land), North Frisian ecir (field, a measure of land), West Frisian eker (field), Dutch akker (field), German Acker (field, acre), Norwegian åker (field) and Swedish åker (field), Icelandic akur (field), Latin ager (land, field, acre, countryside), Ancient Greek ἀγρός (agrós, field), Sanskrit अज्र (ájra, field, plain).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

acre (plural acres)

  1. An English unit of land area (symbol: a. or ac.) originally denoting a day's plowing for a yoke of oxen, now standardized as 4,840 square yards or 4,046.86 square meters.
    • 2006, Edwin Black, chapter 2, in Internal Combustion[1]:
      Buried within the Mediterranean littoral are some seventy to ninety million tons of slag from ancient smelting, about a third of it concentrated in Iberia. This ceaseless industrial fueling caused the deforestation of an estimated fifty to seventy million acres of woodlands.
    1. (Chester, historical) An area of 10,240 square yards or 4 quarters.[1]
  2. Any of various similar units of area in other systems.
  3. (informal, usually in the plural) A wide expanse.
    I like my new house - there’s acres of space!
  4. (informal, usually in the plural) A large quantity.
  5. (obsolete) A field.
  6. (obsolete) The acre's breadth by the length, English units of length equal to the statute dimensions of the acre: 22 yds (≈20 m) by 220 yds (≈200 m).
  7. (obsolete) A duel fought between individual Scots and Englishmen in the borderlands.

Synonyms[edit]

Hypernyms[edit]

  • (100 carucates, notionally) See hundred
  • (the area able to be plowed by 8 oxen in a year) See carucate
  • (the area able to be plowed by two oxen in a year) See virgate
  • (the area able to be plowed by an ox in a year) See oxgang
  • (the area able to be plowed by an ox in half a season) See nook
  • (the area able to be plowed by an ox in 14 a season) See fardel
  • (10 acres, prob. spurious) acreme

Hyponyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Terms derived from acre

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: acra
  • Norwegian Bokmål: acre

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  • Robert Holland, M.R.A.C., A Glossary of Words Used in the County of Chester, Part I--A to F., English Dialect Society, London, 1884, 3

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Robert Holland, M.R.A.C., A Glossary of Words Used in the County of Chester, Part I--A to F., English Dialect Society, London, 1884, 2

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from Old Norse akr reenforced by Old English æcer (a field, land, that which is sown, sown land, cultivated land; a definite quantity of land, land which a yoke of oxen could plough in a day, an acre, a certain quantity of land, strip of plough-land; crop) .

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

acre f (plural acres)

  1. (historical) acre

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ācre, neuter nominative singular of ācer (sharp). Doublet of agro.

Adjective[edit]

acre (plural acri)

  1. sharp, sour
  2. harsh

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ācre

  1. neuter nominative/accusative/vocative singular of ācer

References[edit]

  • acre in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • acre in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • acre in Richard Stillwell et al., editor (1976) The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press

Norman[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

acre f (plural acres)

  1. (Jersey) acre

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb

Etymology[edit]

From English acre, from Middle English acre, aker (field, acre), from Old English æcer (field where crops are grown, acre), from Proto-West Germanic *ak(k)r (field, open land), from Proto-Germanic *akraz (field, open land), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂éǵros (field, pasturage), possibly from *h₂eǵ- (to drive).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

acre m (definite singular acren, indefinite plural acre or acres, definite plural acrene)

  1. an acre (an English unit of land area (symbol: ac.) originally denoting a day's plowing for a yoke of oxen, now standardized as 4,840 square yards or 4,046.86 square meters)
    • 1920, Jonas Lie, Samlede Digterverker IV, page 288:
      han havde kjøbt de 125,000 acres land af et kompani eller rettere en bande af svindlere
      he had bought the 125,000 acres of land from a company or rather a gang of scammers
    • 1936, Knut Hamsun, Ringen sluttet I, page 85:
      liten elendig farm, firti acres
      small miserable farm, forty acres
    • 1987, Richard Herrmann, Victoria, page 168:
      [glasshuset] dekket et område på 26 acres, som skulle bli over hundre norske mål
      [the glass house] covered an area of 26 acres, which was to be over a hundred Norwegian acres

References[edit]

  • “acre” in The Bokmål Dictionary.
  • “acre” in Det Norske Akademis ordbok (NAOB).
  • acre” in Store norske leksikon

Anagrams[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Noun[edit]

acre n

  1. Alternative spelling of acrae

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
acre unchanged n-acre
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Latin ācre, neuter nominative singular of ācer (sharp), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ḱrós (sharp). Doublet of agre, agro, ágrio.

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

acre m or f (plural acres, comparable)

  1. sharp (unpleasantly acrid or tart in taste)

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from English acre, from Middle English acre, aker, from Old English æcer, from Proto-West Germanic *ak(k)r, from Proto-Germanic *akraz (field), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂éǵros (field). Doublet of agro.

Noun[edit]

acre m (plural acres)

  1. acre (unit of surface area)

Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

acre

  1. feminine/neuter plural nominative/accusative of acru

Scots[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English aker, from Old English æcer (field; acre). Cognate with English acre; see there for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈekər], [ˈjɪkər]
  • (South Scots) IPA(key): [ˈakər], [ˈɛkər]

Noun[edit]

acre (plural acres)

  1. An acre (unit of measurement)

Usage notes[edit]

The plural is acre when following a numeral.

Verb[edit]

acre (third-person singular present acres, present participle acrin, past acrit, past participle acrit)

  1. To let grain crops be harvested at a stated sum per acre.
  2. To be employed in harvesting grain crops at a stated sum per acre.

References[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈakɾe/, [ˈa.kɾe]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin ācer (genitive singular ācris). Cf. also agrio.

Adjective[edit]

acre (plural acres)

  1. bitter; acrid; pungent
  2. caustic
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from English acre. Doublet of agro.

Noun[edit]

acre m (plural acres)

  1. acre

Anagrams[edit]

Further reading[edit]