lug

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: lúg, ług, Lug, and LUG

Translingual[edit]

Symbol[edit]

lug

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-2 & ISO 639-3 language code for Luganda.

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from Old Norse (compare Swedish lugga, Norwegian lugge). Noun is via Scots lugge, probably from Old Norse (compare Norwegian and Swedish lugg). Probably related to slug (lazy, slow-moving), which is from similar Scandinavian sources. See slow.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lug (plural lugs)

  1. The act of hauling or dragging.
    a hard lug
  2. That which is hauled or dragged.
    The pack is a heavy lug.
  3. Anything that moves slowly.
    • 1545, Roger Ascham, Toxophilus
      whereof the one is quick of cast, trick, and trim both for pleasure and profit: the other is a lug
  4. A lug nut.
    Synonym: lug nut
  5. (electricity) A device for terminating an electrical conductor to facilitate the mechanical connection; to the conductor it may be crimped to form a cold weld, soldered or have pressure from a screw.
  6. A part of something which sticks out, used as a handle or support.
  7. A large, clumsy, awkward man; a fool.
    Synonym: big lug
  8. (UK) An ear or ear lobe.
    While shaving, the poor sod had a fit and cut part of a lug off.
  9. A wood box used for transporting fruit or vegetables.
  10. (slang) A request for money, as for political purposes.
    They put the lug on him at the courthouse.
  11. (UK, dialect) A rod or pole.
    • 1567, George Turberville, Epitome:
      And from the bodies [of pines and oaks] the boughes and loftie lugges they beare.
  12. (UK, archaic, dialect) A measure of length equal to 16+12 feet.
    Synonym: rod
  13. (nautical) A lugsail.
  14. (harness) The leather loop or ear by which a shaft is held up.
    Harness pendant suspension mount featuring two lugs (at the bottom). The pendant has one lug (also named loop), placed in the gap between the two lugs of the hanger.
  15. A loop (or protuberance) found on both arms of a hinge, featuring a hole for the axis of the hinge.
  16. A ridge or other protuberance on the surface of a body to increase traction or provide a hold for holding and moving it.
  17. A lugworm.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

lug (third-person singular simple present lugs, present participle lugging, simple past and past participle lugged)

  1. (transitive, sometimes figuratively) To haul or drag along (especially something heavy); to carry; to pull.
    Why do you always lug around so many books?
    • c. 1700 Jeremy Collier, A Thought
      They must divide the image among them, and so lug off every one his share.
    • 1923, P. G. Wodehouse, The Inimitable Jeeves:
      As a rule, you see, I'm not lugged into Family Rows. On the occasions when Aunt is calling to Aunt like mastodons bellowing across primeval swamps and Uncle James's letter about Cousin Mabel's peculiar behaviour is being shot round the family circle... the clan has a tendency to ignore me.
    • 2021 July 14, Anthony Lambert, “Grand designs on superior interiors”, in RAIL, number 935, page 48:
      Luggage areas need to be within sight, rather than at the end of carriages, despite the inconvenience of lugging cases further into a carriage.
  2. (transitive) To run at too slow a speed.
    When driving up a hill, choose a lower gear so you don't lug the engine.
  3. (transitive, nautical) To carry an excessive amount of sail for the conditions prevailing.
  4. (intransitive, horse-racing) To pull toward the inside rail ("lugging in") or the outside rail ("lugging out") during a race.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  • Frank Graham (1987) The New Geordie Dictionary, →ISBN
  • A Dictionary of North East Dialect, Bill Griffiths, 2005, Northumbria University Press, →ISBN
  • Newcastle 1970s, Scott Dobson and Dick Irwin, [2]
  • A List of words and phrases in everyday use by the natives of Hetton-le-Hole in the County of Durham, F.M.T.Palgrave, English Dialect Society vol.74, 1896, [3]

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch lucht.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lug (uncountable, diminutive luggie)

  1. air

Usage notes[edit]

The plural form of lug is lugte, but it exists only in literary texts and is otherwise never used.


Albanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Albanian *lug(ā), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)leuK- (to gulp/drink (down), swallow). Cognate to Lithuanian liũgas (morass), Old Norse slok (trough, spillway), Middle High German slūch (gulf, abyss).[1]

Noun[edit]

lug m (indefinite plural lugje, definite singular lugu, definite plural lugjet)

  1. trough, (water) channel, spillway
  2. groove (especially in trees)
  3. valley (between mountains or hills through which a river or creek flows)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Demiraj, Bardhyl (1997) Albanische Etymologien: Untersuchungen zum albanischen Erbwortschatz [Albanian Etymologies: Investigations into the Albanian Inherited Lexicon] (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 7)‎[1] (in German), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi, page 244

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

lug m (genitive singular luga, nominative plural luganna)

  1. (mechanics) lug

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • "lug" in Foclóir Gaeilge–Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • Entries containing “lug” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

Livonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Akin to Finnish luku.

Noun[edit]

lug

  1. number

Primitive Irish[edit]

Romanization[edit]

lug

  1. Romanization of ᚂᚒᚌ

Scanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse lok.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lug n

  1. weed, unwanted plant

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *lǫgъ.

Noun[edit]

lȗg m (Cyrillic spelling лу̑г)

  1. small forest, grove
    Synonyms: šumica, gaj
  2. swamp forest
Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • lug” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle High German louge, from Proto-Germanic *laugō ("soap, lye").

Noun[edit]

lȗg m (Cyrillic spelling лу̑г)

  1. ash (fire residue)
  2. lye
Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • lug” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German louge, from Proto-Germanic *laugō ("soap, lye").

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lūg m inan

  1. lye

Inflection[edit]

Masculine inan., hard o-stem
nominative lúg
genitive lúga
singular
nominative lúg
accusative lúg
genitive lúga
dative lúgu
locative lúgu
instrumental lúgom

Further reading[edit]

  • lug”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Somali[edit]

Noun[edit]

lug ?

  1. leg

Sumerian[edit]

Romanization[edit]

lug

  1. Romanization of 𒇻 (lug)

Yola[edit]

Noun[edit]

lug

  1. Alternative form of lhug

References[edit]

  • Jacob Poole (1867), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith, page 54