lucht

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See also: Lucht

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch lucht, locht, from Old Dutch *luft, from Proto-Germanic *luftuz.

Cognate with German Luft, Old English lyft, Swedish luft, Icelandic loft.

Noun[edit]

lucht f, m ‎(plural luchten, diminutive luchtje n)

  1. air (mixture of gases)
  2. sky
  3. odour, smell

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

lucht

  1. first-, second- and third-person singular present indicative of luchten
  2. imperative of luchten

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish lucht, from Proto-Celtic *luxtus(contents, crowd, people).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lucht m ‎(genitive singular luchta, nominative plural luchtanna)

  1. contents, (electricity) charge
  2. fill, capacity
  3. cargo, load

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

lucht m ‎(genitive singular lucht)

  1. people (collective noun)
    lucht ceirde‎ ― tradespeople
    lucht oibre‎ ― laborers
    lucht seanmóra‎ ― preachers

Usage notes[edit]

Generally used with another noun in the genitive to indicate people associated with a particular activity.

References[edit]

  • "lucht" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • lucht” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*luxtu-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, page 251

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *luxtus(contents, crowd, people), of unknown origin. Cognate with Welsh llwyth(cargo; litter (of baby animals)) and Gaulish luxtos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lucht m ‎(genitive luchta, no plural)

  1. contents
  2. cargo
  3. (sailing) complement, crew, (by extension) vessel
  4. occupants, inhabitants, possessors
  5. household

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Derived terms[edit]

  • comlucht(accomplices, companions)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • lucht” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*luxtu-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, page 251