lucht

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See also: Lucht

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /lʏxt/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: lucht
  • Rhymes: -ʏxt

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch lucht, from Old Dutch *luft, from Proto-West Germanic *luftu, from Proto-Germanic *luftuz.

Noun[edit]

lucht f (plural luchten, diminutive luchtje n)

  1. air (mixture of gases)
  2. sky
  3. odour, smell
Alternative forms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Afrikaans: lug
  • Sranan Tongo: loktu

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

lucht

  1. first-, second- and third-person singular present indicative of luchten
  2. imperative of luchten

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish lucht, from Proto-Celtic *luxtus (contents, crowd, people).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lucht m (genitive singular luchta, nominative plural luchtanna)

  1. contents, (electricity) charge
  2. fill, capacity
  3. cargo, load

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

lucht m (genitive singular lucht)

  1. people (collective noun)
    lucht ceirdetradespeople
    lucht oibrelaborers
    lucht seanmórapreachers

Usage notes[edit]

Generally used with another noun in the genitive to indicate people associated with a particular activity.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch *luft, from Proto-West Germanic *luftu, from Proto-Germanic *luftuz.

Noun[edit]

lucht f

  1. air
  2. sky
  3. smell, odour

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Alternative forms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *luxtus (contents, crowd, people), of unknown origin. Cognate with Welsh llwyth (cargo; litter (of baby animals)) and Gaulish luxtos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lucht m (genitive luchta, no plural)

  1. contents
  2. cargo
  3. (sailing) complement, crew, (by extension) vessel
  4. occupants, inhabitants, possessors
  5. household

Inflection[edit]

Masculine u-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative lucht
Vocative lucht
Accusative luchtN
Genitive lochtoH, lochtaH
Dative luchtL
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Derived terms[edit]

  • comlucht (accomplices, companions)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]