luku

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See also: luků, lúku, łuku, Lūku, and LUKU

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

luku

  1. genitive/dative/vocative/locative singular of luk

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *luku. Equivalent to lukea (to read, count) +‎ -u.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈluku/, [ˈluku]
  • Rhymes: -uku
  • Syllabification(key): lu‧ku

Noun[edit]

luku

  1. number (abstract entity used to describe quantity; in mathematics, a concept such as a natural number, rational number or real number)
  2. number, count, quantity (a number indicating how many of something there are)
    Synonyms: määrä, lukumäärä
  3. head count (the act of counting the number of persons present by having them call out numbers starting with one; also an interjection ordering a group to do so)
    Synonym: pääluku
  4. chapter (one of the main section into which the text of a book is divided; one of the main part in a legal statute)
    Se on ihan oma lukunsa.
    It's another (chapter of a) story of its own.
  5. (often in compounds) reading
    Synonym: lukeminen
    vain lukuread only
    lukutaitoability to read (literacy)
  6. (often in compounds) reading, studying
    Synonyms: lukeminen, opiskelu
  7. (law) chapter (division in a legal statute)
  8. (grammar) number (the state of being singular, dual or plural)
  9. together with a year, used to indicate decade, century or sometimes even millennium; expressed by using the plural number in English
    Synonyms: l. (singular or plural), ll. (plural)
    1920-luvullain the 20s, in the 1920s
    1600-lukuthe 17th Century (1600–1699)

Usage notes[edit]

  • (number): See usage notes under numero.
  • (chapter): luku is one of the divisions in a Finnish act (laki). The core division is pykälä, which is contained even in the shortest acts;[1] large statutes may have higher divisions (parts and chapters).[2] The hierarchy of the divisions goes, and their names are by convention translated by the Ministry of Justice of Finland, as follows (from the highest division to the lowest):
  • (century): While the form "20. vuosisata" ("20th Century") is sometimes used in Finnish, it is now rare and somewhat archaic, and "1900-luku" is by far the more commonly used form. While "the 20th Century" does not strictly refer to the same period of years as "the 1900s", the former would normally be translated into Finnish as "1900-luku" as a matter of course.

Declension[edit]

Inflection of luku (Kotus type 1*M/valo, k-v gradation)
nominative luku luvut
genitive luvun lukujen
partitive lukua lukuja
illative lukuun lukuihin
singular plural
nominative luku luvut
accusative nom. luku luvut
gen. luvun
genitive luvun lukujen
partitive lukua lukuja
inessive luvussa luvuissa
elative luvusta luvuista
illative lukuun lukuihin
adessive luvulla luvuilla
ablative luvulta luvuilta
allative luvulle luvuille
essive lukuna lukuina
translative luvuksi luvuiksi
abessive luvutta luvuitta
instructive luvuin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of luku (Kotus type 1*M/valo, k-v gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative lukuni lukuni
accusative nom. lukuni lukuni
gen. lukuni
genitive lukuni lukujeni
partitive lukuani lukujani
inessive luvussani luvuissani
elative luvustani luvuistani
illative lukuuni lukuihini
adessive luvullani luvuillani
ablative luvultani luvuiltani
allative luvulleni luvuilleni
essive lukunani lukuinani
translative luvukseni luvuikseni
abessive luvuttani luvuittani
instructive
comitative lukuineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative lukusi lukusi
accusative nom. lukusi lukusi
gen. lukusi
genitive lukusi lukujesi
partitive lukuasi lukujasi
inessive luvussasi luvuissasi
elative luvustasi luvuistasi
illative lukuusi lukuihisi
adessive luvullasi luvuillasi
ablative luvultasi luvuiltasi
allative luvullesi luvuillesi
essive lukunasi lukuinasi
translative luvuksesi luvuiksesi
abessive luvuttasi luvuittasi
instructive
comitative lukuinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative lukumme lukumme
accusative nom. lukumme lukumme
gen. lukumme
genitive lukumme lukujemme
partitive lukuamme lukujamme
inessive luvussamme luvuissamme
elative luvustamme luvuistamme
illative lukuumme lukuihimme
adessive luvullamme luvuillamme
ablative luvultamme luvuiltamme
allative luvullemme luvuillemme
essive lukunamme lukuinamme
translative luvuksemme luvuiksemme
abessive luvuttamme luvuittamme
instructive
comitative lukuinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative lukunne lukunne
accusative nom. lukunne lukunne
gen. lukunne
genitive lukunne lukujenne
partitive lukuanne lukujanne
inessive luvussanne luvuissanne
elative luvustanne luvuistanne
illative lukuunne lukuihinne
adessive luvullanne luvuillanne
ablative luvultanne luvuiltanne
allative luvullenne luvuillenne
essive lukunanne lukuinanne
translative luvuksenne luvuiksenne
abessive luvuttanne luvuittanne
instructive
comitative lukuinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative lukunsa lukunsa
accusative nom. lukunsa lukunsa
gen. lukunsa
genitive lukunsa lukujensa
partitive lukuaan
lukuansa
lukujaan
lukujansa
inessive luvussaan
luvussansa
luvuissaan
luvuissansa
elative luvustaan
luvustansa
luvuistaan
luvuistansa
illative lukuunsa lukuihinsa
adessive luvullaan
luvullansa
luvuillaan
luvuillansa
ablative luvultaan
luvultansa
luvuiltaan
luvuiltansa
allative luvulleen
luvullensa
luvuilleen
luvuillensa
essive lukunaan
lukunansa
lukuinaan
lukuinansa
translative luvukseen
luvuksensa
luvuikseen
luvuiksensa
abessive luvuttaan
luvuttansa
luvuittaan
luvuittansa
instructive
comitative lukuineen
lukuinensa

Derived terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ NB: the translation of the Act No. 609/2015 is unofficial and used by the Ministry of Justice of Finland:
    • “Ilmastolaki”, in (please provide the title of the work)[1] (in Finnish), Ministry of Justice of Finland, accessed 2017-03-24
    • “Climate Change Act”, in (please provide the title of the work)[2] (PDF), Ministry of Justice of Finland, accessed 2017-03-24
  2. ^ “Oikeudenkäymiskaari”, in (please provide the title of the work)[3] (in Finnish), Ministry of Justice of Finland, accessed 2017-03-24

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Hawaiian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

luku

  1. to destroy

Derived terms[edit]

Ingrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *luku, equivalent to lukkia (to read; to count) +‎ -u. Cognates include Finnish luku and Veps lugu.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

luku

  1. number, amount
  2. pace, rhythm
  3. incantation, spell
  4. (in compounds) reading
  5. A unit of measure equal to five herrings.
    Miä möin kaks lukkua.I sold ten herrings. (literally, “I sold twice five herrings.”)

Declension[edit]

Declension of luku (type 4/koivu, k- gradation, gemination)
singular plural
nominative luku luut
genitive luun lukkuin, lukuloin
partitive lukkua lukuja, lukuloja
illative lukkuu lukkui, lukuloihe
inessive luus luuis, lukulois
elative luust luuist, lukuloist
allative luulle luuille, lukuloille
adessive luul luuil, lukuloil
ablative luult luuilt, lukuloilt
translative luuks luuiks, lukuloiks
essive lukunna, lukkuun lukuinna, lukuloinna, lukkuin, lukuloin
exessive1) lukunt lukuint, lukuloint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

References[edit]

  • V. I. Junus (1936) Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[5], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 22
  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 278

Mapudungun[edit]

Noun[edit]

luku (Raguileo spelling)

  1. (anatomy) knee

References[edit]

  • Wixaleyiñ: Mapucezugun-wigkazugun pici hemvlcijka (Wixaleyiñ: Small Mapudungun-Spanish dictionary), Beretta, Marta; Cañumil, Dario; Cañumil, Tulio, 2008.

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈlu.ku/
  • Rhymes: -uku
  • Syllabification: lu‧ku

Noun[edit]

luku m inan

  1. genitive/locative/vocative singular of luk

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Noun[edit]

luku (Cyrillic spelling луку)

  1. dative/locative singular of luk

Noun[edit]

luku (Cyrillic spelling луку)

  1. accusative singular of luka

Slovak[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

luku

  1. genitive/dative/locative singular of luk

Sranan Tongo[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English look.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

luku

  1. To look (at).

Alternative forms[edit]

Votic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *luku.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Luutsa, Liivtšülä) IPA(key): /ˈluku/, [ˈɫuku]
  • Rhymes: -uku
  • Hyphenation: lu‧ku

Noun[edit]

luku

  1. spell, incantation
  2. read, something to read
  3. counting rhyme

Inflection[edit]

Declension of luku (type II/võrkko, k-g gradation)
singular plural
nominative luku lugud
genitive lugu lukujõ, lukui
partitive lukkua lukuitõ, lukui
illative lukkusõ, lukku lukuisõ
inessive luguz lukuiz
elative lugussõ lukuissõ
allative lugulõ lukuilõ
adessive lugullõ lukuillõ
ablative lugultõ lukuiltõ
translative lugussi lukuissi
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the terminative is formed by adding the suffix -ssaa to the short illative (sg) or the genitive.
***) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka to the genitive.

References[edit]

  • Hallap, V.; Adler, E.; Grünberg, S.; Leppik, M. (2012), “luku”, in Vadja keele sõnaraamat [A dictionary of the Votic language], 2nd edition, Tallinn