vilnis

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: Vilnis

Latvian[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 vilnis on Latvian Wikipedia
Viļņi (1)
Vilnis (2)

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a more recent yo-stem variant *wil-nyo- of *wil-na (compare the Slavic cognates), from Proto-Baltic *wil- with an extra suffix -na, from Proto-Indo-European *wel-, *wl̥- (to turn, to roll, to curl). Some researchers suggest that this stem is related to, or the same as, the stem of vilna (wool) (q.v.). Cognates include Lithuanian vilnìs, Old Church Slavonic вльна (vlĭna), Old East Slavic вълна (vŭlna), Russian волна (volná), Ukrainian вовна (vovná), Bulgarian вълна (vǎlná), Czech vlna, Polish welna, Proto-Germanic *welnan (to curl, to scroll) (Old High German wellan (to curl, to scroll), wella (source), German Welle (wave)), Sanskrit ऊर्मि (ūrmí, wave) (< *wl̥H-mi-).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Headset icon.svg This entry needs audio files. If you have a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

Noun[edit]

vilnis m (2nd declension)

  1. wave (elevation of water surface due to a disturbance)
    jūras, okeāna viļņisee, ocean waves
    liels vilnislarge wave
    augsti viļņihigh waves
    paisuma viļņitidal waves
    viļņa muguraback of the wave
    viļņi sitas, skalojas pret krastuthe waves pound, lap against the shore
    nirt viļņosto dive into the waves
  2. (physics) wave (oscillatory motion in a medium, e.g., air)
    gaismas viļņu teorijathe wave theory of light
    viļņa garumswavelength
    elektromagnētiskie, seismiskie, skaņu viļņi' electromagnetic, seismic, sound waves
    garie, vidējie, īsie, ultraīsie viļņilong, medium, short, VHF waves
    mikroviļņi, mikroviļņu krāsnsmicrowaves, microwave oven
  3. wave (elevation of something in a way similar to, or reminiscent of, water waves)
    zaļos viļņos sašūpojas rudzu lauks te blakusthe rye fields were rocking in green waves near here
    viņai bija tumši mati, kas viļņiem krita uz pleciemshe had dark hair, which fell like waves on (her) shoulders
  4. wave (group (of living beings) which moves, usually behind another such group)
    otrais uzbrucēju vilnissecond wave of attackers
    turistu vilnisa wave of tourists
    melnais vārnu vilnis ― a black wave' of crows (birds)
  5. wave (amplification or strong expression of an action, activity, process, feeling)
    protesta vilnisa protest wave
    streiku vilnisa wave of strikes
    jauns baumu vilnis' a new wave of rumors
    sajūsmas, sašutuma vilinsdelight, indignation wave
    aplausu vilnisa wave of applause
    jauns aukstuma vilnisa new cold wave
    Andri pārņem prieka vilnisAndris was overwhelmed by a wave of joy
    'pēkšņi viņu pārvarēja maiguma vilnissuddenly he was overcome by a wave of tenderness

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “vilnis”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7

Lithuanian[edit]

Lithuanian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lt

Noun[edit]

vilnìs f (plural vĩlnys) stress pattern 4

  1. wave

Declension[edit]