բահ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian բահ (bah).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

բահ (bah)

  1. spade, shovel

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Colloquially Russian лопа́тка (lopátka) is often used instead.

Derived terms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier *բարհ (*barh), perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *bʰr̥H-ti- or *bʰerH-ti-, from *bʰerH- (to pierce; to strike).[1][2][3]

Alternatively, borrowing from Iranian.[3]

For the earlier form *բարհ (*barh) compare the Caucasian borrowings and մարհ (marh).

Noun[edit]

բահ (bah)

  1. spade, shovel; hoe
    • 5th century, Agatʿangełos, Patmutʿiwn Hayocʿ [History of the Armenians]
      Արդ՝ առեալ թագաւորին փայտատ եւ բահ՝ հատանէր զդիրս հանգստոցաց սրբոցն իւրաքանչիւր ըստ չափու արկեղացն։
      Ard, aṙeal tʿagaworin pʿaytat ew bah, hatanēr zdirs hangstocʿacʿ srbocʿn iwrakʿančʿiwr əst čʿapʿu arkełacʿn.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ačaṙyan, Hračʿya (1940) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun [History of the Armenian Language] (in Armenian), volume I, Yerevan: University Press, pages 40–41
  2. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1973), “բահ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume II, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, pages 392–393
  3. 3.0 3.1 J̌ahukyan, Geworg (2010), “բահ”, in Sargsyan, Vahan, editor, Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Asoghik, page 113b

Further reading[edit]

  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836), “բահ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), volume I, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 425b
  • J̌axǰaxean, Manuēl (1837), “բահ”, in Baṙgirkʿ i barbaṙ hay ew italakan [Armenian–Italian Dictionary], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 280c
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “բահ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 88b