lāpsta

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See also: lāpstā and lapstā

Latvian[edit]

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 lāpsta on Latvian Wikipedia
Lāpstas (1)
Lāpsta (4)
Lāpsta (5)

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Derived from Latvian dialectal lāpa (paw) (q.v.) (cf. Lithuanian lópa, Russian лапа (lápa)) with a vowel and a suffix -stā (cf. dialectal variant lāpusta). Ultimately from the same stem as lapa (leaf) (q.v.). The original meaning of lāpsta was probably “paw, foot, sole,” from which “instrument for digging (like a paw, foot, sole)”. (Another possibility: from the original stem *lep- “to bark; to rip off, to tear” a noun could be formed with the meaning “(cut off) plate”; cf. Albanian latë “small ax, hoe, spud” < *laptā). Cognates include Lithuanian lópeta, Old Prussian lopto, Proto-Slavic *lopata (Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian лопата (lopáta), Czech lopata, Polish łopata, Russian dialectal лапость (lápost’) “track, footprints”), Hittite lappa (on shovels).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

lāpsta f (4th declension)

  1. shovel, spade (a tool for digging with a metal blade and a long handle)
    koka, dzelzs lāpstawooden, iron shovel
    asa lāpstasharp shovel
    sniega, ogļu lāpstasnow, coal shovel
    dārza lāpstagarden spade
    iedurt lāpstu zemēto stick, push the shovel in(to) the ground
    Žuburs uzmina ar kāju lāpstas malai, nolieca lāpstas kātu kā sviru uz leju un atlauza kūdras gabaluŽuburs pushed the shovel edge with (his) foot, pulled the shovel handle down like a lever and broke off a piece of turf
  2. spadeful, shovelful (the amount that can be moved with a spade, a shovel)
    ieslodītie izsvieda no kapa pēdējās sārto smilšu lāpstasthe prisoners dug from the grave the last shovel(ful)s of reddish sand
    Vecais Černs kanāla dibenā neatlaidīgi rakās uz priekšu un lāpstu pēc lāpstas meta ārā zemithe old Černs dug forward (= a tunnel) at the bottom of the canal and threw out shovel(ful) after shovel(ful) of earth
  3. blade (a part of certain machines that resembles the blade of a shovel)
    traktors ar lāpstu varēs netraucēti braukt pa mēslu eju visā kūts garumāa tractor with a blade will be able to run smoothly on a path of mature in the legnth of a whole barn
  4. blade (the flat end of an oar or paddle)
  5. a flat, wide, shovel-like horn structure (e.g., on an elk)
    šodien sastopam daudz buļļu, kuru ragi lāpstas nemaz neveido; šie aļņi ir tā sauktie apaļradžiwe find nowadays many (elk) bulls whose antlers do not form shovels at all; these elk are the so-called round-horns

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “lāpsta”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7