lāpsta

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See also: lāpstā and lapstā

Latvian[edit]

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 lāpsta on Latvian Wikipedia
Lāpstas (1)
Lāpsta (4)
Lāpsta (5)

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Derived from Latvian dialectal lāpa(paw) (q.v.) (cf. Lithuanian lópa, Russian лапа(lápa)) with a vowel and a suffix -stā (cf. dialectal variant lāpusta). Ultimately from the same stem as lapa(leaf) (q.v.). The original meaning of lāpsta was probably “paw, foot, sole,” from which “instrument for digging (like a paw, foot, sole)”. (Another possibility: from the original stem *lep- “to bark; to rip off, to tear” a noun could be formed with the meaning “(cut off) plate”; cf. Albanian latë “small ax, hoe, spud” < *laptā). Cognates include Lithuanian lópeta, Old Prussian lopto, Proto-Slavic *lopata (Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian лопата(lopáta), Czech lopata, Polish łopata, Russian dialectal лапость(lápost’) “track, footprints”), Hittite lappa(on shovels).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

lāpsta f (4th declension)

  1. shovel, spade (a tool for digging with a metal blade and a long handle)
    koka, dzelzs lāpsta‎ ― wooden, iron shovel
    asa lāpsta‎ ― sharp shovel
    sniega, ogļu lāpsta‎ ― snow, coal shovel
    dārza lāpsta‎ ― garden spade
    iedurt lāpstu zemē‎ ― to stick, push the shovel in(to) the ground
    Žuburs uzmina ar kāju lāpstas malai, nolieca lāpstas kātu kā sviru uz leju un atlauza kūdras gabalu‎ ― Žuburs pushed the shovel edge with (his) foot, pulled the shovel handle down like a lever and broke off a piece of turf
  2. spadeful, shovelful (the amount that can be moved with a spade, a shovel)
    ieslodītie izsvieda no kapa pēdējās sārto smilšu lāpstas‎ ― the prisoners dug from the grave the last shovel(ful)s of reddish sand
    Vecais Černs kanāla dibenā neatlaidīgi rakās uz priekšu un lāpstu pēc lāpstas meta ārā zemi‎ ― the old Černs dug forward (= a tunnel) at the bottom of the canal and threw out shovel(ful) after shovel(ful) of earth
  3. blade (a part of certain machines that resembles the blade of a shovel)
    traktors ar lāpstu varēs netraucēti braukt pa mēslu eju visā kūts garumā‎ ― a tractor with a blade will be able to run smoothly on a path of mature in the legnth of a whole barn
  4. blade (the flat end of an oar or paddle)
  5. a flat, wide, shovel-like horn structure (e.g., on an elk)
    šodien sastopam daudz buļļu, kuru ragi lāpstas nemaz neveido; šie aļņi ir tā sauktie apaļradži‎ ― we find nowadays many (elk) bulls whose antlers do not form shovels at all; these elk are the so-called round-horns

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “lāpsta”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7