лопата

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Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *lopata.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

лопа́та (lopátaf

  1. spade
  2. shovel
  3. dustpan
  4. shovel, peel
  5. oar
  6. scull
  7. paddle
  8. backhoe
  9. shovelful, spadeful

Declension[edit]


Macedonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *lopata.

Noun[edit]

лопата (lopataf

  1. shovel, spade

Declension[edit]


Old Church Slavonic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *lopata.

Noun[edit]

лопата (lopataf

  1. spade
  2. shovel

Old East Slavic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *lopata.

Noun[edit]

лопата (lopataf

  1. shovel, spade

Descendants[edit]

  • Belarusian: лапа́та (lapáta)
  • Russian: лопа́та (lopáta)
  • Ukrainian: лопа́та (lopáta)

References[edit]

  • Sreznevskij, I. I. (1902), “лопата”, in Materialy dlja slovarja drevne-russkago jazyka po pisʹmennym pamjatnikam [Materials for the Dictionary of the Old Russian Language According to Written Monuments] (in Russian), volume 2, Saint Petersburg: Imperial Academy of Sciences, page 47

Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *lopata.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [lɐˈpatə]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -atə

Noun[edit]

лопа́та (lopátaf inan (genitive лопа́ты, nominative plural лопа́ты, genitive plural лопа́т)

  1. spade, shovel
  2. (slang) electric guitar
  3. (colloquial) punchline

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *lopata.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /lǒpata/
  • Hyphenation: ло‧па‧та

Noun[edit]

ло̀пата f (Latin spelling lòpata)

  1. shovel

Declension[edit]

References[edit]


Ukrainian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *lopata.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

лопа́та (lopátaf inan (genitive лопа́ти, nominative plural лопа́ти)

  1. spade (a garden tool with a handle and a flat blade for digging)
  2. peel (a paddle-like tool used to take bread or pizza from an oven)

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • лопата in I. K. Bilodid, editor (1970–1980) Slovnyk ukrajinsʹkoji movy [Dictionary of the Ukrainian language], Kyjiv