call a spade a spade

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A mistaken translation of Ancient Greek τὰ σῦκα σῦκα, τὴν σκάφην δὲ σκάφην ὀνομάσων ‎(tà sûka sûka, tḕn skáphēn dè skáphēn onomásōn, calling figs figs, and a trough a trough). The word σκάφη ‎(skáphē, trough) was mistranslated by the medieval scholar Desiderius Erasmus as σκαφείον ‎(skapheíon, digging tool).


call a spade a spade

  1. (idiomatic) To speak the truth; to say things as they really are.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Some take offence at this expression, because one sense of spade refers to a black person. However, the two expressions are etymologically unrelated; this one refers to the digging instrument, the other refers to the card suit.


See also[edit]


  • "Call a spade a spade" in Michael Quinion, Ballyhoo, Buckaroo, and Spuds, 2004.