את

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Aramaic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

אַתְּ ‎(ʾattm sg ‎(plural אַתּוּן ‎(ʾattūn), feminine אַתִּי ‎(ʾattī) or אַתְּ ‎(ʾatt), feminine plural אַתֵּין ‎(ʾattēn))

  1. Alternative form of אַנְתְּ ‎(ʾant)

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

אַתְּ ‎(ʾattf sg

  1. feminine singular of אַתְּ ‎(ʾatt)

Hebrew[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

אֵת, אֶת־ ‎(et, et-)

  1. Used to introduce a semantically definite direct object.
Usage notes[edit]
  • In the event of a semantically indefinite direct object, את is simply dropped; no other preposition is used instead. Note that the choice to include or not include את is based on semantics rather than form; את is used when the direct object is a proper noun, or a personal pronoun (in which case it is incorporated into the form of את), or a noun phrase beginning with ה־ ‎(ha-, the), or a noun phrase headed by a noun compound ending in one of these.
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

אֵת, אֶת־ ‎(et, et-) [pattern: קֵטֶל]

  1. (archaic) To, with.
    • 2015 September 29, Ran Boker, “לונדון את קירשנבאום תשודר כמו בימי חייו של מוטי ‎(London et Kirschenbaum will be broadcasted like [the way it was] in the lifetime of Moti)”, in ynet:
Usage notes[edit]
  • The inflected forms of the otherwise archaic sense “to” or “with” are still used, but now belong to the (suppletive) preposition עִם ‎(im, with).
  • In modern sources, the separate use of אֵת as meaning 'with', is influenced more by romance et. (see quote above)
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

אַתְּ ‎(átf ‎(Biblical Hebrew pausal form אָתְּ)

  1. You, thou: (the feminine singular second-person personal pronoun).
Usage notes[edit]
  • In mishnaic sources, the masculine singular second person is inflicted exactly as the feminine singular second person should be, this is influnced by the aramaic אָתְּ (see above)

See also[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

אֹת ‎(otm ‎(plural אֹתֹת or אֹתוֹת)

  1. (rare, Biblical Hebrew) Defective spelling of אוֹת: sign.

Etymology 5[edit]

Noun[edit]

אֵת ‎(etm ‎(plural indefinite אִתִּים, singular construct אֵת־, plural construct אִתֵּי־)

  1. shovel
  2. spade

Usage notes[edit]

Anagrams[edit]