hir

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See also: Hir, hír, and hir'

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Blend of him/his +‎ her. "Hir" comes from Old English. Geoffrey Chaucer used "hir" to refer to both women, and an unknown sex. Examples are found in his Canterbury Tales. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

hir (third-person singular, gender-neutral, objective case, reflexive hirself)

  1. Them (singular). Gender-neutral third-person singular object pronoun, coordinate with him and her.
    • 1988, Carver, Jeffrey, From a Changeling Star, New York: Bantam Books, →ISBN, OL 7824150M, page 232:
      But once the disorientation had passed, hir forced hirself back to full consciousness--and worked quickly to establish hir position, and Ruskin's.
    • 1996 June, Sullivan, Caitlin; Bornstein, Kate, Nearly Roadkill: an Infobahn erotic adventure[1], New York: Serpent's Tail, →ISBN, LCCN 95072971, OL 820831M, LCC PS3569.U3449 N43 1996, page 10:
      I don't know what Scratch looks like in the real world, I met hir online.
    • 1997 December 18, Bornstein, Kate, My Gender Workbook: How to Become a Real Man, a Real Woman, the Real You, or Something Else Entirely[2], London, New York: Routledge, →ISBN, LCCN 98134184, OL 7495768M, LCC HQ1075.B69 1998, page 130:
      Words like "freak" became attached to hir name, and I don't believe "brave" was ever a word the media associated with hir.
    • 2000 August 29, David, Peter, Renaissance (Star Trek New Frontier: Excalibur #10)‎[3], Simon & Schuster, →ISBN, LCCN 2002555412, OL 3665551M, page 137:
      T'Pau leveled a gaze at hir. "You are male and female ... and neither. 'It' is the proper word. We have no use for semantic games on Vulcan."

Synonyms[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Determiner[edit]

hir

  1. Belonging to hir, their (singular). Gender-neutral third-person singular possessive adjective, coordinate with his and her.
    • 1971 March 1, Alexander M. Mood, “Partitioning Variance in Multiple Regression Analyses as a Tool For Developing Learning Models”, in American Educational Research Journal, volume 8, number 2, American Educational Research Association, DOI:10.3102/00028312008002191, page 192:
      Getting down to cases now, a child's learning, L, in the sixth grade will be a function of a number, say k, of variables X1 X2, X3, ... Xk representing hir (hir is an abbreviation for his or her and is pronounced here) previous education, motivation, rapport with teachers, peers' atitudes toward education, teachers' ability, and so on.
    • 1988, Carver, Jeffrey, From a Changeling Star, New York: Bantam Books, →ISBN, OL 7824150M, page 232:
      But once the disorientation had passed, hir forced hirself back to full consciousness--and worked quickly to establish hir position, and Ruskin's.
    • 1996 June, Sullivan, Caitlin; Bornstein, Kate, Nearly Roadkill: an Infobahn erotic adventure, New York: Serpent's Tail, →ISBN, LCCN 95072971, OL 820831M, LCC PS3569.U3449 N43 1996, page 13:
      It is here that Scratch has found hirself, bored out of hir mind but unable to sleep.
    • 2002, Schaap, Frank, The Words That Took Us There: Ethnography in a Virtual Reality, Amsterdam: Aksant Academic Publishers, →ISBN, OL 17062341M, page 32:
      The player playing hir character in a MUD (usually) tries to portray a credible, convincing person within the theme of that world, using the tools that MUD provides, hir imagination, and hir social and communicative skills.
    • 2003, Wright, Susan, Slave Trade (Slave Trade Trilogy #1), Pocket Books, →ISBN, OL 3283799M, page 17:
      The garment covered hir dual genitals, but hir slightly rounded breasts and smooth shoulders were revealed.
    • 2011 March 29, Norton, Jody, “Transchildren and the Discipline of Children's Literature”, in Kenneth B. Kidd and Michelle Ann Abate, editors, Over the Rainbow: Queer Children's and Young Adult Literature, University of Michigan, →ISBN, LCC PS374.H63 O84 2011, page 305:
      "It's a scientific matter," Ludo announces, explaining hir very out transgender behavior (an ongoing source of embarrassment to hir would-be upwardly mobile parents) as the result of hir other X chromosome's having accidentally fallen into the trash on its way down from heaven.
    • 2011 May 19, Wickham, Ken, The Other Genders: Androgyne, Genderqueer, Non-Binary Gender Variant[4], CreateSpace, →ISBN, page 7:
      Sie may feel that hir actual identity of hir gender is supposed to be both/neither male or female, outside of gender, third gender, beyond gender, absence of gender, mixing gender, changing gender, or all genders.

Usage notes[edit]

A declension shared by several gender-neutral pronoun schema. Subjective forms associated with hir include s/he, sie, shi, and ze. For additional considerations regarding use among members of the genderqueer community, see usage notes for ze.

Synonyms[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Albanian *skīra, from Proto-Indo-European *sḱiH-ro- (to dim, shimmer) (compare German schier (pure, clear), Polish szczery (sincere, earnest), Ancient Greek σκῖρον (skîron, parasol)).[1]

Noun[edit]

hir m (indefinite plural hire, definite singular hiri, definite plural hiret)

  1. kindness, favor, sake
  2. willingness, goodwill
  3. beauty, grace, charm, dignity
  4. (religious) heavenly grace

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998) , “hir”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 148

Aromanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin fīlum. Compare Daco-Romanian fir.

Noun[edit]

hir n (plural hiri or hire)

  1. thread

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Baure[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hir

  1. man

Breton[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Brythonic *hir, from Proto-Celtic *sīros.

Adjective[edit]

hir

  1. long

Antonyms[edit]


Burushaski[edit]

Noun[edit]

hir (plural huri)

  1. man (clarification of this definition is needed)

Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *hezros, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰésr̥. Cognate with Ancient Greek χείρ (kheír).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hir n sg (indeclinable, no genitive)

  1. (rare, anatomy) hand

Declension[edit]

Not declined; used only in the nominative and accusative singular., singular only.

Case Singular
Nominative hir
Genitive
Dative
Accusative hir
Ablative
Vocative

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • hir in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • hir in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette

Luxembourgish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

hir

  1. third-person feminine singular, dative: her, to her
    Ech schreiwen hir e Bréif
    I'm writing her a letter

Declension[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

hir

  1. third-person singular feminine possessive, feminine object, nominative: her
  2. third-person singular feminine possessive, plural object, nominative: her
  3. third-person singular feminine possessive, feminine object, accusative: her
  4. third-person singular feminine possessive, plural object, accusative: her
  5. third-person plural possessive, feminine object, nominative: their
  6. third-person plural possessive, plural object, nominative: their
  7. third-person plural possessive, feminine object, accusative: their
  8. third-person plural possessive, plural object, accusative: their

Declension[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Determiner[edit]

hir

  1. Alternative form of hire (her)

Pronoun[edit]

hir

  1. Alternative form of hire (hers)

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

hir

  1. Alternative form of hire (her)

Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

hir (first-person singular present indicative vou, past participle hido)

  1. Obsolete spelling of ir

Conjugation[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hȋr m (Cyrillic spelling хи̑р)

  1. whim, caprice

Declension[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Brythonic *hir, from Proto-Celtic *sīros.

Adjective[edit]

hir (feminine singular hir, plural hirion, equative cyhyd, comparative hwy or hirach, superlative hwyaf or hiraf, not mutable)

  1. long
    Mae gynni hi wallt hir.
    She has long hair.
    Roedd y daith yn hir iawn.
    The journey was very long.
    Synonyms: hirfaith, llaes, maith
    Antonyms: byr, cwta

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Adjective[edit]

hir

  1. h-prothesized form of ir

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
ir unchanged unchanged hir
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present) , “hir”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies