кара

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See also: қара

Belarusian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old East Slavic кора (kora, bark), from Proto-Slavic *kora (bark), from Proto-Indo-European *ker-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

кара́ (karáf inan (genitive кары́, uncountable)

  1. bark (of trees)
  2. crust
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *kara (punishment), from Proto-Indo-European *kor-.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈkara]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

ка́ра (káraf inan (genitive ка́ры, nominative plural ка́ры, genitive plural кар)

  1. penalty, punishment, retribution
Declension[edit]

Dolgan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *kara (black)

Adjective[edit]

кара (kara)

  1. black

Kyrgyz[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *kara (black)

Adjective[edit]

кара (kara)

  1. black

See also[edit]

Colors in Kyrgyz · өңдөр (öñdör), түстөр (tüstör) (layout · text)
     ак (ak)      боз (boz)      кара (kara)
             кызыл (kızıl)              токсары (toksarı); күрөң (küröñ)              сары (sarı)
                          жашыл (caşıl)             
                                       көк (kök)
                                      

Macedonian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *karati (to punish, scold).

Verb[edit]

кара (karaimpf

  1. (transitive) to scold, reprimand
Usage notes[edit]
  • Whereas this word has a general application, it is often associated specifically with children, so using it to speak of adults being scolded, e.g. by their boss, may make it sound as though they were being infantilized. A more appropriate word for adults (and serious situations in general) would be "прекорува".
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From German Karre (cart, barrow).

Noun[edit]

кара (karaf (plural кари)

  1. military cart

Russian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *kara (punishment), from Proto-Indo-European *kor-. Cognate with Old Irish kaire (blame, disapproval).

Noun[edit]

ка́ра (káraf inan (genitive ка́ры, nominative plural ка́ры, genitive plural кар)

  1. penalty, punishment, retribution
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

ка́ра (káram inan

  1. genitive singular of кар (kar)

Tatar[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *kara (black)

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

кара (qara)

  1. black (color)

See also[edit]

Colors in Tatar · төсләр (töslär) (layout · text)
     ак (aq)      соры (sorı)      кара (qara)
             кызыл (qızıl); кырмызы (qırmızı)              әфлисун (äflisun); көрән (körän)              сары (sarı)
             сары-яшел (sarı-yaşel), лайм (laym)              яшел (yaşel)              куе яшел (quye yaşel)
             яшел-зәңгәр (yaşel-zäñgär), күк (kük), фирәзә (firäzä); зәңгәр-яшел (zäñgär-yaşel)              зәңгәрсу (zäñgärsu)              зәңгәр (zäñgär)
             шәмәхә (şämäxä); миләүшә (miläüşä)              кызыл-шәмәхә (qızıl-şämäxä), гөлчәчәк (gölçäçäq); шәмәхә (şämäxä)              алсу (alsu)

Tuvan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *kara (black). Cognate with Turkish kara (black).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

кара (kara)

  1. black

Noun[edit]

кара (kara) (definite accusative караны, plural каралар)

  1. black (colour)

See also[edit]

Colors in Tuvan · өңнер (öñner) (layout · text)
     ак (ak)      куу (kuu)      кара (kara)
             кызыл (kızıl); ягаан (yagaan)              кызыл-сарыг (kızıl-sarıg); хүрең (xüreñ)              сарыг (sarıg); ак-сарыг (ak-sarıg)
             сарыг-ногаан (sarıg-nogaan)              ногаан (nogaan)             
                          ак-көк (ak-kök)              көк (kök)
                          өкпең (ökpeñ)              ак-кызыл (ak-kızıl)

Ukrainian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *kara (punishment).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ка́ра (káraf inan (genitive ка́ри, nominative plural ка́ри, genitive plural кар)

  1. penalty, punishment, retribution

Declension[edit]

References[edit]