retribution

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin, from retribuere (assign again).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˌɹɛtrɪˈbjuʃɒn/

Noun[edit]

retribution (plural retributions)

  1. Punishment inflicted in the spirit of moral outrage or personal vengeance.
    • 1983, Richard A. Posner, The economics of justice, page 208:
      Whereas retribution focuses on the offender's wrong, retaliation focuses on the impulse of the victim (or of those who sympathize with him) to strike back at the offender.
    • 1999, Barbara Hanawalt, Medieval crime and social control, pg. 73
    1. Revenge is for an injury; retribution is for a wrong.
    2. Retribution sets an internal limit to the amount of the punishment according to the seriousness of the wrong; revenge need not.
    3. Revenge is personal; the agent of retribution need have no special or personal tie to the victim of the wrong for which he exacts retribution.
    4. Revenge involves a particular emotional tone, pleasure in the suffering of another, while retribution need involve no emotional tone.

Synonyms[edit]

Hypernyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Derived terms[edit]