казна

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See also: казня

Macedonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *kaznь.

Noun[edit]

казна (kaznaf

  1. punishment

Inflection[edit]


Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Kipchak qazna (treasury) (Codex Cumanicus, Ave, porta paradisi, verse 75), further origin uncertain but probably Iranian, possibly ultimately from Old Median *ganza- (treasure).

Directly attested since 1389 (treaty of Dmitry Donskoy with Vladimir the Bold) while its derivative казначе́й (kaznačéj) is used already in the last will of Ivan II of Moscow circa 1358.

Formally close cognates include Nogai казна (kazna), Ossetian хъӕзна (qæzna), Chechen хазна (χazna, treasure, treasury), Serbo-Croatian ха̏зна (treasury; cash register), Bulgarian хазна (hazna, treasure; cash register), Romanian hazna (treasury; septic tank), Turkish hazne (treasury), Arabic خَزْنَة(ḵazna, [a] safe).

Also compare Ottoman Turkish خزینه(hazîne), Turkish and Crimean Tatar hazine, Tatar хәзинә (xäzinä, treasure, treasury), Persian خزینه(xazine), Arabic خَزِينَة(ḵazīna, treasury), Ancient Greek γάζα (gáza), Middle Persian [script needed] (ganǰ), Persian گنج(ganj, treasure), Sogdian [script needed] (γznyʼ /γaznyā/, treasury), Parthian 𐫃𐫉𐫗𐫁𐫡(gznbr /gaznβar/, treasurer).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [kɐzˈna]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

казна́ (kaznáf inan (genitive казны́, nominative plural казны́, genitive plural *казн)

  1. treasury, exchequer
  2. fisc

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *kaznь

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kâzna/
  • Hyphenation: каз‧на

Noun[edit]

ка̏зна f (Latin spelling kȁzna)

  1. punishment
  2. penalty
  3. visitation (of God)

Declension[edit]