खर

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Khaling[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

खर (khar)

  1. hand, arm

References[edit]

  • खर”, in खालिङ - नेपाली - अङ्‍ग्रेजी शब्दकोश (Khaling - Nepali - English Dictionary), Nepal: SIL International, 2016.

Nepali[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

खर (khar)

  1. thatch, straw

References[edit]

  • खर”, in नेपाली बृहत् शब्दकोश (Nepālī Br̥hat Śabdakoś) [Comprehensive Nepali Dictionary], Kathmandu: Nepal Academy, 2018
  • Schmidt, Ruth L. (1993) , “खर”, in A Practical Dictionary of Modern Nepali, Ratna Sagar

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

खर ?

  1. donkey
  2. water

Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *kh₂er- (stone, hard) also found in Old Armenian քար (kʿar, stone), Welsh carreg (stone), Celtic cognates of English crag, and Albanian gërthje (crab).

Adjective[edit]

खर (khára)

  1. hard, harsh, rough, sharp, pungent, acid
    Antonyms: मृदु (mṛdu), श्लक्ष्ण (ślakṣṇa)
  2. solid
    Antonym: द्रव (drava).
  3. dense (clouds)
  4. sharp, hot (wind)
  5. hurtful, injurious, cutting (as speech or word)
  6. sharp-edged
  7. cruel

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of खर
Nom. sg. खरः (kharaḥ)
Gen. sg. खरस्य (kharasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative खरः (kharaḥ) खरौ (kharau) खराः (kharāḥ)
Vocative खर (khara) खरौ (kharau) खराः (kharāḥ)
Accusative खरम् (kharam) खरौ (kharau) खरान् (kharān)
Instrumental खरेन (kharena) खराभ्याम् (kharābhyām) खरैः (kharaiḥ)
Dative खराय (kharāya) खराभ्याम् (kharābhyām) खरेभ्यः (kharebhyaḥ)
Ablative खरात् (kharāt) खराभ्याम् (kharābhyām) खरेभ्यः (kharebhyaḥ)
Genitive खरस्य (kharasya) खरयोः (kharayoḥ) खरानाम् (kharānām)
Locative खरे (khare) खरयोः (kharayoḥ) खरेषु (khareṣu)
Feminine ā-stem declension of खर
Nom. sg. खरा (kharā)
Gen. sg. खरायाः (kharāyāḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative खरा (kharā) खरे (khare) खराः (kharāḥ)
Vocative खरे (khare) खरे (khare) खराः (kharāḥ)
Accusative खराम् (kharām) खरे (khare) खराः (kharāḥ)
Instrumental खरया (kharayā) खराभ्याम् (kharābhyām) खराभिः (kharābhiḥ)
Dative खरायै (kharāyai) खराभ्याम् (kharābhyām) खराभ्यः (kharābhyaḥ)
Ablative खरायाः (kharāyāḥ) खराभ्याम् (kharābhyām) खराभ्यः (kharābhyaḥ)
Genitive खरायाः (kharāyāḥ) खरयोः (kharayoḥ) खरानाम् (kharānām)
Locative खरायाम् (kharāyām) खरयोः (kharayoḥ) खरासु (kharāsu)
Neuter a-stem declension of खर
Nom. sg. खरम् (kharam)
Gen. sg. खरस्य (kharasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative खरम् (kharam) खरे (khare) खरानि (kharāni)
Vocative खर (khara) खरे (khare) खरानि (kharāni)
Accusative खरम् (kharam) खरे (khare) खरानि (kharāni)
Instrumental खरेन (kharena) खराभ्याम् (kharābhyām) खरैः (kharaiḥ)
Dative खराय (kharāya) खराभ्याम् (kharābhyām) खरेभ्यः (kharebhyaḥ)
Ablative खरात् (kharāt) खराभ्याम् (kharābhyām) खरेभ्यः (kharebhyaḥ)
Genitive खरस्य (kharasya) खरयोः (kharayoḥ) खरानाम् (kharānām)
Locative खरे (khare) खरयोः (kharayoḥ) खरेषु (khareṣu)


Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *kʰáras.

Noun[edit]

खर (kháram

  1. donkey (so called from his cry)
  2. mule
  3. osprey
  4. heron
  5. crow
  6. thorny plant (sort of prickly nightshade (Solanum torvum) or perhaps camelthorn (Alhagi maurorum L.))
  7. name of a fragrant substance
  8. quadrangular mound of earth for receiving the sacrificial vessels (compare ἐσχάρα)
  9. a place arranged for building a house upon
  10. name of the 25th year of the sixty years' बृहस्पति cycle
  11. दैत्य or demon
  12. name of the असुर धेनुक
  13. name of a रक्षस् slain by राम (younger brother of रावण)
  14. name of an attendant of the Sun (= धर्म)
  15. name of a रुद्र
  16. ‘a she-mule’ » खरी-वात्सल्य
  17. name of one of the mothers in स्कन्द's retinue

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of खर
Nom. sg. खरः (kharaḥ)
Gen. sg. खरस्य (kharasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative खरः (kharaḥ) खरौ (kharau) खराः (kharāḥ)
Vocative खर (khara) खरौ (kharau) खराः (kharāḥ)
Accusative खरम् (kharam) खरौ (kharau) खरान् (kharān)
Instrumental खरेन (kharena) खराभ्याम् (kharābhyām) खरैः (kharaiḥ)
Dative खराय (kharāya) खराभ्याम् (kharābhyām) खरेभ्यः (kharebhyaḥ)
Ablative खरात् (kharāt) खराभ्याम् (kharābhyām) खरेभ्यः (kharebhyaḥ)
Genitive खरस्य (kharasya) खरयोः (kharayoḥ) खरानाम् (kharānām)
Locative खरे (khare) खरयोः (kharayoḥ) खरेषु (khareṣu)

Descendants[edit]

  • Hindi: खरा (kharā)
  • Punjabi: ਖਰ (khar)
  • Telugu: ఖరము (kharamu)

References[edit]

  • Monier Williams (1899) , “खर”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, OCLC 458052227, page {{{1}}}.
  • Dravidian Origins and the West: Newly Discovered Ties with the Ancient Culture and Languages, Including Basque, of the Pre-Indo-European Mediterranean World, p. 325
  • Webster's New World College Dictionary, Fifth Edition
  • Scigliano, Eric (2007): Michelangelo's Mountain: The Quest For Perfection in the Marble Quarries of Carrara, p. 84