असुर

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See also: असर

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit असुर (ásura), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hásuras.

Noun[edit]

असुर (asurm

  1. (Hinduism) a demon, an asura

Declension[edit]

Declension of असुर
Singular Plural
Direct असुर (asur) असुर (asur)
Oblique असुर (asur) असुरों (asurõ)
Vocative असुर (asur) असुरो (asuro)

See also[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *Hásuras, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hásuras.

Related to असु (asu-), with several possible etymologies and meanings. In the context of asura conventionally associated with asu- in the sense of "master of the house". This meaning is not further narrowed by its etymology: cf. Avestan 𐬀𐬵𐬎 (ahu, lord) and 𐬀𐬵𐬎𐬭𐬀 (ahura, lord), Hittite 𒈗 (ḥaššū, king), and Latin erus (lord). Possibly ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ems- (to engender, beget). Compare Old Norse æsir.

The Brahmanas and the Puranas derive asura from another asu-, "breath", a cognate of which is found in Av. ahu-, "life, existence". In yet other post-Vedic Sanskrit literature, asura was back-formed as a-sura, "non-sura", with sura then associated with a group of demi-gods who inhabit Indra's domain.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /ɐ́.s̪u.ɽɐ/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈɐ.s̪u.ɽɐ/
  • Noun[edit]

    असुर (ásuram

    1. spirit, good spirit, supreme spirit (said of Varuna)
    2. the chief of the evil spirits
    3. an evil spirit, demon, ghost, opponent of the gods
    4. name of Rāhu
    5. the sun
    6. cloud
    7. (in the plural) name of a warrior-tribe
    8. name of a Vedic school
    9. zodiacal sign
    10. (botany) Sinapis ramosa (in later Sanskrit सुर (sura) has been formed from असुर (asura), as सित (sita), from असित (asita))

    Declension[edit]

    Masculine a-stem declension of असुर (ásura)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative असुरः
    ásuraḥ
    असुरौ
    ásurau
    असुराः / असुरासः¹
    ásurāḥ / ásurāsaḥ¹
    Vocative असुर
    ásura
    असुरौ
    ásurau
    असुराः / असुरासः¹
    ásurāḥ / ásurāsaḥ¹
    Accusative असुरम्
    ásuram
    असुरौ
    ásurau
    असुरान्
    ásurān
    Instrumental असुरेण
    ásureṇa
    असुराभ्याम्
    ásurābhyām
    असुरैः / असुरेभिः¹
    ásuraiḥ / ásurebhiḥ¹
    Dative असुराय
    ásurāya
    असुराभ्याम्
    ásurābhyām
    असुरेभ्यः
    ásurebhyaḥ
    Ablative असुरात्
    ásurāt
    असुराभ्याम्
    ásurābhyām
    असुरेभ्यः
    ásurebhyaḥ
    Genitive असुरस्य
    ásurasya
    असुरयोः
    ásurayoḥ
    असुराणाम्
    ásurāṇām
    Locative असुरे
    ásure
    असुरयोः
    ásurayoḥ
    असुरेषु
    ásureṣu
    Notes
    • ¹Vedic

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]

    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0121