असुर

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See also: असर

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit असुर (ásura), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hásuras.

Noun[edit]

असुर (asurm

  1. (Hinduism) a demon, an asura

Declension[edit]

Declension of असुर
Singular Plural
Direct असुर (asur) असुर (asur)
Oblique असुर (asur) असुरों (asurõ)
Vocative असुर (asur) असुरो (asuro)

See also[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *Hásuras, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hásuras, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ń̻suros.

Related to असु (asu-), with several possible etymologies and meanings. In the context of asura conventionally associated with asu- in the sense of "master of the house". This meaning is not further narrowed by its etymology: cf. Avestan 𐬀𐬵𐬎(ahu, lord) and 𐬀𐬵𐬎𐬭𐬀(ahura, lord), Hittite 𒈗 (ḥaššū, king), and Latin erus (lord). Possibly ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ens- (to engender, beget). Compare Old Norse æsir.

The Brahmanas and the Puranas derive asura from another asu-, "breath", a cognate of which is found in Av. ahu-, "life, existence". In yet other post-Vedic Sanskrit literature, asura was back-formed as a-sura, "non-sura", with sura then associated with a group of demi-gods who inhabit Indra's domain.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

असुर (ásuram

  1. spirit, good spirit, supreme spirit (said of Varuna)
  2. the chief of the evil spirits
  3. an evil spirit, demon, ghost, opponent of the gods
  4. name of Rāhu
  5. the sun
  6. cloud
  7. (in the plural) name of a warrior-tribe
  8. name of a Vedic school
  9. zodiacal sign
  10. Sinapis ramosa (in later Sanskrit सुर (sura) has been formed from असुर (asura), as सित (sita), from असित (asita))

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of असुर (ásura)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative असुरः
ásuraḥ
असुरौ
ásurau
असुराः / असुरासः¹
ásurāḥ / ásurāsaḥ¹
Vocative असुर
ásura
असुरौ
ásurau
असुराः / असुरासः¹
ásurāḥ / ásurāsaḥ¹
Accusative असुरम्
ásuram
असुरौ
ásurau
असुरान्
ásurān
Instrumental असुरेण
ásureṇa
असुराभ्याम्
ásurābhyām
असुरैः / असुरेभिः¹
ásuraiḥ / ásurebhiḥ¹
Dative असुराय
ásurāya
असुराभ्याम्
ásurābhyām
असुरेभ्यः
ásurebhyaḥ
Ablative असुरात्
ásurāt
असुराभ्याम्
ásurābhyām
असुरेभ्यः
ásurebhyaḥ
Genitive असुरस्य
ásurasya
असुरयोः
ásurayoḥ
असुराणाम्
ásurāṇām
Locative असुरे
ásure
असुरयोः
ásurayoḥ
असुरेषु
ásureṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]