राम

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Sanskrit [Term?].

Proper noun[edit]

राम (rāmm

  1. (Hinduism) Rama
    राम रामrām rāmhello (among Hindus)

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *raHmás, from Proto-Indo-European *reh₁mós (dirty; dirt). Compare Old English rōmig. Monier considers it to be a derivation from रम् (ram).

Adjective[edit]

राम (rāma)

  1. dark, dark-coloured, black (compare रात्रि (rātri))
    रामः शकुनिः (rāmaḥ śakuniḥ)a black bird, crow
  2. white (?)
  3. pleasing, pleasant, charming, lovely, beautiful

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of राम
Nom. sg. रामः (rāmaḥ)
Gen. sg. रामस्य (rāmasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative रामः (rāmaḥ) रामौ (rāmau) रामाः (rāmāḥ)
Vocative राम (rāma) रामौ (rāmau) रामाः (rāmāḥ)
Accusative रामम् (rāmam) रामौ (rāmau) रामान् (rāmān)
Instrumental रामेण (rāmeṇa) रामाभ्याम् (rāmābhyām) रामैः (rāmaiḥ)
Dative रामाय (rāmāya) रामाभ्याम् (rāmābhyām) रामेभ्यः (rāmebhyaḥ)
Ablative रामात् (rāmāt) रामाभ्याम् (rāmābhyām) रामेभ्यः (rāmebhyaḥ)
Genitive रामस्य (rāmasya) रामयोः (rāmayoḥ) रामाणाम् (rāmāṇām)
Locative रामे (rāme) रामयोः (rāmayoḥ) रामेषु (rāmeṣu)
Feminine ā-stem declension of राम
Nom. sg. रामा (rāmā)
Gen. sg. रामायाः (rāmāyāḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative रामा (rāmā) रामे (rāme) रामाः (rāmāḥ)
Vocative रामे (rāme) रामे (rāme) रामाः (rāmāḥ)
Accusative रामाम् (rāmām) रामे (rāme) रामाः (rāmāḥ)
Instrumental रामया (rāmayā) रामाभ्याम् (rāmābhyām) रामाभिः (rāmābhiḥ)
Dative रामायै (rāmāyai) रामाभ्याम् (rāmābhyām) रामाभ्यः (rāmābhyaḥ)
Ablative रामायाः (rāmāyāḥ) रामाभ्याम् (rāmābhyām) रामाभ्यः (rāmābhyaḥ)
Genitive रामायाः (rāmāyāḥ) रामयोः (rāmayoḥ) रामाणाम् (rāmāṇām)
Locative रामायाम् (rāmāyām) रामयोः (rāmayoḥ) रामासु (rāmāsu)
Neuter a-stem declension of राम
Nom. sg. रामम् (rāmam)
Gen. sg. रामस्य (rāmasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative रामम् (rāmam) रामे (rāme) रामाणि (rāmāṇi)
Vocative राम (rāma) रामे (rāme) रामाणि (rāmāṇi)
Accusative रामम् (rāmam) रामे (rāme) रामाणि (rāmāṇi)
Instrumental रामेण (rāmeṇa) रामाभ्याम् (rāmābhyām) रामैः (rāmaiḥ)
Dative रामा (rāmā) रामाभ्याम् (rāmābhyām) रामेभ्यः (rāmebhyaḥ)
Ablative रामात् (rāmāt) रामाभ्याम् (rāmābhyām) रामेभ्यः (rāmebhyaḥ)
Genitive रामस्य (rāmasya) रामयोः (rāmayoḥ) रामाणाम् (rāmāṇām)
Locative रामे (rāme) रामयोः (rāmayoḥ) रामेषु (rāmeṣu)

Noun[edit]

राम (rāmam

  1. a kind of deer
  2. horse
  3. lover
  4. pleasure, joy, delight

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of राम
Nom. sg. रामः (rāmaḥ)
Gen. sg. रामस्य (rāmasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative रामः (rāmaḥ) रामौ (rāmau) रामाः (rāmāḥ)
Vocative राम (rāma) रामौ (rāmau) रामाः (rāmāḥ)
Accusative रामम् (rāmam) रामौ (rāmau) रामान् (rāmān)
Instrumental रामेण (rāmeṇa) रामाभ्याम् (rāmābhyām) रामैः (rāmaiḥ)
Dative रामाय (rāmāya) रामाभ्याम् (rāmābhyām) रामेभ्यः (rāmebhyaḥ)
Ablative रामात् (rāmāt) रामाभ्याम् (rāmābhyām) रामेभ्यः (rāmebhyaḥ)
Genitive रामस्य (rāmasya) रामयोः (rāmayoḥ) रामाणाम् (rāmāṇām)
Locative रामे (rāme) रामयोः (rāmayoḥ) रामेषु (rāmeṣu)

Noun[edit]

राम (rāman

  1. same meanings as masculine gender
  2. the leaf of Laurus cassia
  3. Chenopodium album
  4. = कुष्ठ (kuṣṭha)

Declension[edit]

Neuter a-stem declension of राम
Nom. sg. रामम् (rāmam)
Gen. sg. रामस्य (rāmasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative रामम् (rāmam) रामे (rāme) रामाणि (rāmāṇi)
Vocative राम (rāma) रामे (rāme) रामाणि (rāmāṇi)
Accusative रामम् (rāmam) रामे (rāme) रामाणि (rāmāṇi)
Instrumental रामेण (rāmeṇa) रामाभ्याम् (rāmābhyām) रामैः (rāmaiḥ)
Dative रामा (rāmā) रामाभ्याम् (rāmābhyām) रामेभ्यः (rāmebhyaḥ)
Ablative रामात् (rāmāt) रामाभ्याम् (rāmābhyām) रामेभ्यः (rāmebhyaḥ)
Genitive रामस्य (rāmasya) रामयोः (rāmayoḥ) रामाणाम् (rāmāṇām)
Locative रामे (rāme) रामयोः (rāmayoḥ) रामेषु (rāmeṣu)

Proper noun[edit]

राम (rāmam

  1. name of Varuna
  2. name of various mythical personages in the Vedas and the later times, including the Rāma god. Found in Hare Krishna mahamantra in vocative form.
  3. name of a king of शृङ्गवेर (śṛṅga-vera) and patron of नागेश (nāge-śa)
  4. name of various authors and teachers
  5. name of the number three (on account of the 3 Rāmas)
    रामस्य इषुः (rāmasya iṣuḥ)a kind of cane = रामकण्ड (rāmakaṇḍa)
  6. name of a people

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0877