carrus

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin carrus

Noun[edit]

carrus (plural carri)

  1. (uncommon, historical) A load: various English units of weight or volume based upon standardized cartloads of certain commodities.

Synonyms[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Gaulish karros, from Proto-Celtic *karros (wagon), from Proto-Indo-European *kr̥s-o-, zero-grade form of *ḱers- (to run). Cognate to currō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

carrus m (genitive carrī); second declension

  1. a wagon, a four-wheeled baggage cart
  2. a cartload, a wagonload
  3. (Medieval) a load, an English unit of weight
    • c. 1300, Tractatus de Ponderibus et Mensuris
      Saccus lane debet ponderare viginti & octo petras & solebat ponderare unam summam frumenti & ponderat sextam partem unius carri de plumbo
      The sack of wool ought to weigh twenty & eight stone & is accustomed to weigh one quarter of wheat & weights the sixth part of one cartload of lead.

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative carrus carrī
genitive carrī carrōrum
dative carrō carrīs
accusative carrum carrōs
ablative carrō carrīs
vocative carre carrī

Synonyms[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • carrus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • carrus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “carrus”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • carrus” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • carrus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • carrus in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin