pactum

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Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From pangō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Participle[edit]

pāctum

  1. accusative masculine singular of pāctus (fixed, fastened)
  2. nominative/accusative/vocative neuter singular of pāctus (fixed, fastened)

Etymology 2[edit]

Originally from pacīscor (to arrange by negotiation), from Proto-Indo-European *peh₂ḱ- (to fix; settle), whence also pāx (peace). Not easily distinguishable from Etymology 1 already in Proto-Indo-European, which might reflect an eventual merger of a split outcome of the same root.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈpak.tum/, [ˈpäkt̪ʊ̃ˑ]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈpak.tum/, [ˈpɑkt̪um]
  • Note: the derivational confusion likely entailed uncertainty about the length of the -a-; nevertheless the vowel reduction in compectum indicates its original shortness.

Participle[edit]

pactum

  1. accusative masculine singular of pactus (arranged by negotiation, agreed)
  2. nominative/accusative/vocative neuter singular of pactus (arranged by negotiation, agreed)

Noun[edit]

pactum n (genitive pactī); second declension

  1. an agreement, bargain, pact
  2. (in adverbial expressions) a means, manner, method, consideration
    Synonyms: modus, ratiō, via
    quō pactō possum vīvere sī..?how can I live when..?
Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative pactum pacta
Genitive pactī pactōrum
Dative pactō pactīs
Accusative pactum pacta
Ablative pactō pactīs
Vocative pactum pacta
Alternative forms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Bulgarian: пакт (pakt)
  • Catalan: pacte, pati (possibly)
  • Danish: pagt
  • English: pact
  • French: pacte
  • Friulian: pat
  • Galician: peito, pacto

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]